中国体育现代化与体育法制建设
Sports modernization and Sports legal construction in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:中国  体育  现代化  体育法制建设
英文关键词:China  Sports  modernization  sports legal constraction
基金项目:
作者单位
张 剑 国家体育总局政策法规司 
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中文摘要:
      改革开放三十多年来,虽然中国体育尤其是竞技体育取得了举世瞩目的成就,但是发展中仍存在一些不足。要实现中国体育的可持续发展,就必须转变发展观念和发展方式,并建立现代化的体育治理模式,而法治则是中国体育现代化的必由之路。尽管从1995年《中华人民共和国体育法》发布实施以来,中国的体育立法取得了很大的进展,但是在一些领域仍然滞后,特别是面对体育的社会化、产业化带来的新问题,反应比较慢。因此,社会管理和市场管理是加强体育立法的重要方向。管理机构应该围绕权利和秩序这两个着眼点,完善体育立法,健全救济机制。体育仲裁问题成为当前国内体育法研究和体育制度建设中的一个热门话题,已有多名来自中国的仲裁员参与了国际体育仲裁庭的仲裁事务。国际体育仲裁制度的建立和发展,是对国际体育秩序的完善,同时它对各国国内体育救济机制的完善也具有指导和推动作用。
英文摘要:
      For the past over 30 years of reform and opening to the outside world, sports in China, especially the competitive sports, have made great progress, yet there still exist some shortcomings in the development of sports. In order to realize the sustainable development of the sports in China, we must change our mindset and the ways of development and establish a modern sports management model. Since the issue of the Sports Law of the People's Republic of China in 1995, the sports legislation in China has made tremendous progress. But we are still lagging behind in some fields and we are slow in response in facing the new problems cropped out in the course of sports socialization and industrialization. Therefore, social management and market management are the important directions for us to enhance sports legislation. The administrative authorities should lay emphasis on the two points of right and order so as to perfect sports legislation and relief mechanism. Sports arbitration has become a hot topic in the researches on sports law and sports system construction in China. Some arbitrators from China have been involved in the arbitration cases of CAS. The establishment and development of international sports arbitration have perfected the international sports order and also help perfect the sports relief mechanism in different countries.
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