论反垄断法对美国大学体育业余性的挑战
Challenges to the Amateurism of American Collegiate Athletics by Antitrust Law
投稿时间:2017-09-04  
DOI:
中文关键词:美国大学体育  业余体育  职业体育  谢尔曼法  反垄断
英文关键词:collegiate athletics of USA  amateur sport  professional sport  Sherman Act  antitrust
基金项目:湖南省教育厅资助科研项目(17A214)
作者单位E-mail
周青山 1.湘潭大学 法学院2.法治湖南建设与区域社会治理协同创新中心 zqsxtu@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      美国大学体育一直坚持其业余性的立场,为保障其业余性,美国大学生体育联合会(NCAA)限制大学生运动员分享商业开发所获得的收益。文章以美国法院裁决的O'Bannon Vs. NCAA案为例,剖析了NCAA业余性所面临的反垄断法挑战,指出该案所体现的核心问题:一是学校体育内部运作的职业化限度问题;二是学校体育与职业体育之间关系的界定。并通过分析提出对我国学校体育发展的启示:(1)建立符合中国国情的学校体育利益分配机制;(2)妥善处理好学校体育与职业体育之间的关系;(3)在立法时为学校体育发展提供良好的法制环境。
英文摘要:
      National Collegiate Athletic Association of USA always adheres to amateurism. In order to ensure its amateurism, NCAA limits students’ rights to share the benefits of business development. Taking the case of O’Bannon v. NCAA as an example, the article analyzes the challenges of Antitrust Law, which NCAA is facing. It points out the core issues in the case, i.e., the limitation of professionalism of the internal operation of collegiate sports and how to define collegiate sports and professional sports. It suggests the measures for the development of Chinese collegiate sports, i.e., to establish allocation mechanism of collegiate sport benefits that conforms to China’s national conditions, properly handling the relationship between collegiate sports and professional sports and offering better legal conditions for the development of collegiate sports during the course of legislation.
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