国际乒乓球运动相关科技创新发展态势的竞争情报分析——基于专利信息可视化的方法
Analysis of the Competitive Intelligence of the International Table Tennis Scientific and Technological Development: Based on the Method of Patent Information Visualization
投稿时间:2017-08-16  
DOI:
中文关键词:乒乓球  科技创新  竞争情报  发展态势  专利信息  计量分析  可视化
英文关键词:table tennis  scientific and technological innovation  competitive intelligence  development status  patent information  econometric analysis  visualization
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(13BTY032);2015年上海体育学院研究生创新培育计划(AC1-3000-16-001061);2015年上海市体育局科技综合计划项目(Z017)
作者单位E-mail
宋亚刚 上海体育学院 997098699@qq.com 
司虎克 Shanghai University of Sport  
韩慧 Shanghai University of Sport  
王磊 Shanghai University of Sport  
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中文摘要:
      目的:搜集国际乒乓球运动相关专利技术研发领域竞争情报信息,以服务于我国体育用品企业、研发机构及竞技体育的发展;方法:采用文献计量可视化分析软件Bibexcel、Ucinet 6.0和CiteSpace II对从1963—2016年收录在《德温特创新索引》专利数据库中的4 187篇国际乒乓球运动相关专利文献进行计量分析,并以知识图谱的形式呈现出专利技术的时间分布、学科领域、专利权人、热点技术领域及核心专利技术分布等指标特征。结果:1963—2016年国际乒乓球运动相关专利年度申请量整体上呈波浪式上升趋势;研究领域涉及仪器、体育科学、工程设计、化学、计算机科学、高分子科学、材料科学、通讯技术等21个学科领域;专利权人主要分布在英国、日本和德国的一些大型企业及中国的高校或个人;热点技术领域主要集中于乒乓球拍材质、胶板、球、球桌、球网、运动训练器材、场地材料设施、计量与控制设备、运动鞋、比赛照明装置等技术领域。乒乓球运动相关的核心专利技术主要集中在日本、美国、德国等发达国家。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To collect the competitive intelligence information of the international table tennis patent technology research and development in order to serve the development of sports goods enterprises, r&d institutions and competitive sports in China. Method: using literature metrological visualization analysis software BIBEXCEL, UCINET6.0 and CiteSpaceII to make a metrological analysis of the 4187 international table tennis patent documents included in "Derwent Innovations Index" patent database from 1963 to 2016 and presenting the index characteristics of time distribution, subject areas, patentee, hot technique fields and distribution of core patent technology in the form of knowledge map. Result: The annual application volume of international table tennis patent in 1963-2016 is on the rise in a wave-like way. The research fields involve 21 disciplines, including instrument, sports science, engineering design, chemistry, computer science, polymer science, material science and communication technology. The patentees are from the large enterprises in UK, Japan and Germany as well as some Chinese universities or individuals. Hot Technological fields include table tennis racquet material, plastic board, ball, table, net, training equipment, ground material, measurement and control equipment, sports shoes, game lighting technology, etc. The core patent technology of table tennis is mainly in the hands of Japan, the United States, Germany and some other developed countries.
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