兴奋剂个人违纪的经济处罚初探
Preliminary Study of the Financial Sanctions on Individuals Violating Anti-Doping Code
投稿时间:2018-02-09  
DOI:
中文关键词:世界反兴奋剂条例  合理回收成本  经济处罚  比例原则
英文关键词:World Anti-Doping Code  proportionate recovery of costs  financial sanction  principle of proportionality
基金项目:国家社会科学基金资助项目(17BTY007)
作者单位E-mail
裘韵 苏州大学 王健法学院 1071517402@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      世界反兴奋剂机构授权各反兴奋剂组织对违规的运动员可施加经济处罚或合理回收成本费用,同时提出了以"施加最长禁赛期"为前提和比例原则的限制,却未明示该限制的目的,这直接影响了各反兴奋剂组织对该条款的解读。不同版本的经济处罚规则反映制定者对授权条款中"最长禁赛期"条件的解释,在符合比例原则的前提下均具有合理性。但我国反兴奋剂政策文件中的经济处罚条款另辟蹊径,以"负担兴奋剂检测费用"为名义施加罚款,混淆了《世界反兴奋剂条例》授权的两类经济后果间的界限。为明确经济处罚的目的和限度,应对条文的表述进行修正并完善可减免经济处罚的条件。
英文摘要:
      World Anti-Doping Agency authorizes anti-doping organizations to impose proportionate recovery of costs or financial sanctions on account of anti-doping rule violations. The financial sanctions may only be taken on the premise that the maximum period of Ineligibility has been imposed and the principle of proportionality is satisfied. But the purpose of the limitation is not clear, and this directly affects the interpretation of the provision by the different anti-doping organizations. Different versions of the financial sanction rules reflect the different understanding of the term of the maximum period of Ineligibility, which is reasonable on the premise of conforming to the principle of proportionality. However, the financial sanction rules of China's Anti Doping Policy may impose a fine in the name of “the cost of doping test”. This confuses the boundary between the two types of financial consequences authorized by the World Anti-Doping Code. In order to clarify the purpose and limit of financial sanctions, China should amend the expression of the provisions and improve the conditions for reducing the financial sanctions.
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