族群记忆与文明转变:白裤瑶民俗体育文化的生态变迁——基于广西南丹里湖“勤泽格拉”的田野调查
Ethnic Memory and Civilization Transformation: Ecological Changes of Bai Ku Yao's Folk-Custom Sports Culture: Based on the field investigation of "Qinzegela", Nandanli Lake, Guangxi
投稿时间:2018-08-14  
DOI:
中文关键词:族群记忆  文明转变  民俗体育文化  生态变迁  勤泽格拉
英文关键词:ethnic memory  civilization transformation  folk-custom sports culture  ecological change  Qinzegela
基金项目:2017广西民族大学研究生创新教育计划重点项目课题研究成果(gxun-chxzs2017039);2017广西壮族自治区研究生创新教育课题(YCSW2017134)
作者单位E-mail
唐元超 广西民族大学 体育与健康科学学院 664869078@qq.com 
蒋东升 广西民族大学 体育与健康科学学院  
李国冰 南宁三美学校  
马祥 广西民族大学 体育与健康科学学院  
田权 广西民族大学 体育与健康科学学院  
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中文摘要:
      “勤泽格拉”是白裤瑶民俗体育文化的典型代表,已被列入国家级非物质文化遗产名录。通过对“勤泽格拉”的文化源流、“变迁”脉络等进行田野调查,旨在梳理其当代文明发展之路。认为:勤泽格拉缘起于白裤瑶群众的早期精神“夙愿”,并成为一种族群记忆和民族信仰。勤泽格拉文化萌芽于原始社会时期,在封建社会和民国时期处于文化延续阶段,中华人民共和国建立之初“国家权力”强力介入导致“勤泽格拉”文化的断裂,改革开放后其文化得以“重生”,在政府和各界力量的支持下逐渐迈向繁荣。伴随“文明”流变,勤泽格拉也在社会发展中做着积极的社会生态适应,其文化功能也发生了从早期宗教娱神到现代文化娱人、原始文化形态到时代经济抓手的转变,并成为白裤瑶民俗体育现代文明价值的展现。
英文摘要:
      "Qinzegra" is a typical representative of Bai Ku Yao's folk-custom sports culture and has been included in the national intangible cultural heritage list. By doing field investigations on the cultural origins and "changes" of "Qinzegela", the study aims to sort out its developing process of its contemporary civilization. The study believes that Qinzegela originated from the long-cherished wish of the Bai Ku Yao people and became a kind of ethnic memory and national belief. Qinzegela culture appeared firstly in the primitive society. During the period of feudal society and the Republic of China era, it continued to survive and develop. Then the strong intervention of "state power" in initial post-liberation period was a major interruption to Qinzegela culture. After the reform and opening up, Qinzegela culture began to revive and has been flourishing with the support of the government and various sectors of society. With the development of "civilization", Qinzegela has also been making active social ecological adaptations as society develops, and its cultural function has also changed from a religious ritual in early phase to a way of entertainment and from a primitive cultural form to a way of developing the economy. It also reflects modern civilization value of Bai Ku Yao folk-custom sports.
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