有氧运动的历史——历经50年,仍在前进中
The History of Aerobics: 50 Years and Still Counting
投稿时间:2018-10-09  
DOI:
中文关键词:运动是良医  体适能  健康  青少年
英文关键词:Exercise is medicine  fitness  health  youth
基金项目:
作者单位
Kenneth H. Cooper 库珀有氧中心 
朱为模(译) 伊利偌伊大学 
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中文摘要:
      《有氧运动》出版至今已有50年,追溯过去,我从未想过医生对于运动在医学实践中价值的态度会发生翻天覆地的变化。在我的一生中,我从未想到能见证平板测试成为完整检查的必要组成部分,没想到缺乏身体活动的重要性影响可与高血压和高胆固醇齐平,也没想到吸烟会被认为是影响冠状动脉的危险因素。本文介绍了在我和本领域许多同事的工作以及库珀研究中心(The Cooper Institute)的重要工作的影响下,这种缓慢但渐进的转变是如何发生的。1970年6月,我租用了一个研究所,也就是后来的库珀诊所(Cooper Clinic),半年之后,我在那里见到了我的第一个病人,现在库珀中心纵向研究作为世界上最大的比较测量健康水平的数据库,我们不再需要依赖问卷调查和从发表的700多篇学术文献中找寻健身与健康的关联,我们已经证明并且可以有把握地说,“运动是良医”,更具体地说,我希望本文能够展示我们和其他人在这项科学研究中所做的工作,此外,即使是最严厉的批评者现在也在说,“这些结果令人印象深刻,不容忽视。”
英文摘要:
      Looking back over the 50 years since Aerobics was published, I could never have expected for there to have been a major change in physicians' attitudes toward the value of exercise in the practice of medicine. In my lifetime, I never thought I would see a stress test be considered a mandatory component of a complete examination, inactivity classified as importantly as high blood pressure 10 and high cholesterol, and cigarette smoking considered a coronary risk factor. I have tried to document how this slow but gradual transition took place due to my work and the work of many of my colleagues in this field,along with the important work of The Cooper Institute. In June 1970, I chartered the institute 6 months before I saw my first patient at the Cooper Clinic, but now with the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study 15 being the largest database in the world comparing measured levels of fitness, instead of relying only on questionnaires and correlating fitness and health in our more than 600 published peer-review articles, we have proven and can safely say that "exercise is medicine." In greater detail, I wanted this lecture to present what we and others have done in this scientific endeavor, and even the harshest critics are now saying that "these results are too impressive to be ignored."
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