运动员流畅状态的研究:结构模型、研究方法及影响因素
Research on the Flow State of Athletes: Structural Models, Measurement Tools and Influencing Factors
投稿时间:2018-10-21  
DOI:
中文关键词:流畅状态  结构模型  研究方法  影响因素
英文关键词:flow state  structural model  research method  influencing factor
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
夏英 华中师范大学 体育学院 1175115031@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      流畅状态是指伴随着运动员的技能与所要求的挑战相符的心理状态, 是运动员全身心地投入到竞赛中时出现的一种积极体验的状态。采用文献法回顾了运动员流畅状态的相关研究。介绍流畅状态3种较为常见的模型;梳理有关流畅状态的研究方法;整理总结影响流畅状态的因素,其中包括人口统计学变量、动机、心理坚韧性等,通过分析指出,未来研究者应该积极开展流畅状态的纵向研究、关注流畅状态的消极影响,并注意考察团队流畅状态的作用,以此为流畅状态的相关研究提供一定的理论参考。
英文摘要:
      Flow refers to the state of mind that accompanies an athlete's skill set to match the challenge required. It is a state of positive experience that occurs when the athlete is fully engaged in a competition. The paper first reviewed literature of the related researches on the flow state of athletes, and then introduced three common models of the flow state; analyzed the research methods of the flow state and the factors affecting the flow state, including demographic variables, motivation and mental toughness etc. It is finally pointed out that future researchers should actively carry out longitudinal research into the flow state, keep an eye on the negative effects of the flow state, and attach importance to the role of the flow state in a team. The paper is intended to provide a reference for further researches on the flow state.
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