近代太极拳的非身体传播形态梳理——1918-1937年间中国出版机构对太极拳的记述
The Non-Physical Communication Form of Tai Chi in Modern Times:The Description of Tai Chi by Chinese Publishing Institutions from 1918 to 1937
投稿时间:2018-07-04  
DOI:
中文关键词:近代太极拳  非身体传播形态  文本记述
英文关键词:modern Tai Chi  non-physical communication form  text description
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张瑞青 上海体育学院 体育新闻传播与外语学院 zhangruiqing@sus.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      中华民国以前,太极拳以身体传播形态为主。近代报刊的发展以及出版业的繁荣,为太极拳的非身体传播提供了可能,从而促进太极拳弱化技击性、强调健身功能和文化内涵。近代太极拳的报刊传播始见于1918年京师体育研究社《体育季刊》,先后经历了萌芽期、探索期和成熟期。以《申报》为代表的报纸为太极拳扩展了民众基础,体育期刊和专业论著则将太极拳的科学性体系化,爬梳了太极拳的图文资料,研究了太极拳的内涵价值,探讨了太极拳传统性和现代性融合的可能。太极拳传播模式的发展可谓一种近代中国传统性遭遇现代性的典型隐喻。
英文摘要:
      Before the Republic of China era, the communication of Tai Chi was mainly physically based. In modern times, the development of newspapers and magazines and the prosperity of the publishing industry have provided the possibility of non-physical communication of Tai Chi. Therefore, the martial arts function of Tai Chi has been weakened while its fitness function and cultural connotation have been strengthened. The spread of Tai Chi on newspapers and periodicals was first seen in the "Sports Quarterly" of the Beijing Normal University Sports Research Institute in 1918. It has experienced the germination period, exploration period and maturity period. Newspapers represented by "Shun Pao" have expanded the foundation of Tai Chi among the public. The sports journals and professional monographs have systemized the scientific nature of Tai Chi. They have combed the graphic materials of Tai Chi, studied the connotation and value of Tai Chi, and furthermore discussed the possibility of the fusion of traditional and modern Tai Chi. The development of the communication form of Tai Chi can be regarded as a typical metaphor when tradition encounters modernity in modern China.
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