城市老年人生命质量影响因素的研究——以规律健身为视角
A Study on the Influence Factors of Urban Elderly’s Quality of Life: on the View of Regular Physical Excises
投稿时间:2018-12-02  
DOI:
中文关键词:城市老年人  生命质量  慢性病  规律健身  影响因素
英文关键词:urban elderly  quality of life  chronic disease  regular fitness  influencing factors
基金项目:上海市体育局科技综合计划项目(14ZH011)
作者单位E-mail
徐 娜1,费加明2* 1.上海大学 体育学院上海 2004442. 淮北师范大学 体育学院安徽 淮北 235000 lunnar2000@163.com,feijiaming@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探究城市老年人生命质量影响因素,积极应对人口老龄化的严峻挑战。方法:采用自编问卷,借鉴“SF-36生命质量调查问卷(中文第二版)”,对城市老年人进行调查和访谈。结果:影响城市老年人生命质量因素主要有社会人口学、经济收入、患慢性病、社会参与、健身状况等。其中老年人“婚姻及居住方式”“养老保险”“就医决策”“规律健身状况”和“医疗费用月支出”的回归效应非常显著(P<0.01),而“工作与否”和“每次医疗费用支出”的回归效应显著(P<0.05)。结论:对老年人健康促进和生命质量干预主要目的是对影响因素进行调节,降低影响生命质量风险因子的负作用,老年人是否患慢性病及参与规律健身行为的阶段等是影响老年人生命质量提升的重要因子,超过12个月以上规律健身行为对城市老年人身心健康和生命质量提升的积极作用最为显著。
英文摘要:
      Objective: Explore the factors affecting the quality of life of urban elderly and actively respond to the severe challenges of population aging. Method: Use the self-made questionnaire, which is based on the"SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire (Chinese version 2)"to conduct surveys and interviews with urban elderly. Results: The main factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly in the city are sociodemographics, economic income, chronic diseases, social participation, and fitness. The regression effect of such factors as"marriage and residence situation", "pension", "medical decision-making", "regular fitness" and "medical expenses monthly"is quite significant (P<0.01). The regression effect of such factors as"working or not" and "medical expenses each time" is significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The main purpose of health promotion and intervention for the elderly is to regulate the influencing factors and reduce the negative effects of risk factors affecting quality of life. Whether the elderly suffer from chronic diseases and participate in regular fitness behaviors are important factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly. Regular exercise behaviors of more than 12 months have the most significant positive effects on the physical and mental health and quality of life of urban elderly.
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