新疆高职学生课外体育锻炼与学生人格和人际关系的影响研究
A Study on the Impact of Extracurricular Physical Exercise on Personality Development and Interpersonal Relationship of Xinjiang Vocational High School Students
投稿时间:2019-05-09  
DOI:
中文关键词:高职学生  体育锻炼  人格  人际关系  新疆
英文关键词:vocational high school students  physical exercise  personality  interpersonal relationship  Xinjiang
基金项目:克拉玛依职业技术学院院级科研项目(KZY2017-8);中国职业技术教育学会职业教育教学改革课题(1910354)
作者单位E-mail
郭玉江 克拉玛依职业技术学院基础教学部 体育教研室 343028906@qq.com 
杨 龙 克拉玛依职业技术学院基础教学部 体育教研室  
武 杰 新疆师范大学 体育学院  
杨晓鹏 克拉玛依职业技术学院基础教学部 体育教研室  
张 力 克拉玛依职业技术学院基础教学部 体育教研室  
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中文摘要:
      为了深化西部地区高职院校素质教育改革,提升高职学生人格及人际关系发展水平,利用自编体育锻炼行为调查问卷、人格量表及人际关系量表对新疆1 659名高职学生进行调查,探究课外体育锻炼对人格发展及人际关系的影响。结果显示:新疆高职学生体育锻炼的参与度、锻炼时长、锻炼频率、锻炼次数较为合理;高职学生的人格及人际关系水平存在性别及年级的差异性;体育锻炼对高职学生人格及人际关系的影响显著;体育锻炼与人格发展呈现正相关,与人际关系呈现负相关。建议:新疆高职院校应加强对学生体育锻炼的宣传及鼓励,通过积极的引导,提高学生体育锻炼的参与度,从而促进学生健康人格发展及人际关系水平的提高,推动高职学生全面协调发展。
英文摘要:
      In order to deepen the quality education reform of the vocational high school in western China and improve the personality development and interpersonal relationship of vocational high school students, this study used a physical exercise behavior questionnaire, Psychology Inventory and Interpersonal Ties Scale to explore the influence of extracurricular physical exercise on personality development and interpersonal relationship among 1 659 vocational high school students. The results show that the participation, duration, frequency and times of physical exercise of vocational high school students in Xinjiang are relatively reasonable; there's difference in personality development and interpersonal relationship according to different genders and different grades among these vocational high school students; there's significant influence of physical exercise on personality development and interpersonal relationship of vocational high school students; and physical exercise is positively correlated with personality development while negatively correlated with interpersonal relationship. Conclusion: Xinjiang vocational high schools should further advocate physical exercise, encourage and direct students to take active part in physical exercise in order to promote the healthy development of personality and interpersonal relationship, as well as the comprehensive and coordinated development of the vocational high school students.
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