社团自治视域下中国足协引援调节费制度的省思
Reflections on Chinese Football Association's Regulation on Transfer Adjustment Fee in the View of Association Autonomy
投稿时间:2019-06-27  
DOI:
中文关键词:引援调节费  社团罚  社团自治  比例原则
英文关键词:transfer adjustment fee  association penalty  association autonomy  principle of proportionality
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
柯 阳 武汉大学 法学院 2018201060110@whu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      基于限制俱乐部在转会市场上频繁高价引援的初衷,中国足协出台了引援调节费制度。为了探究引援调节费制度的合法性和合理性,通过比较研究法、历史研究法等,围绕规则制定的主体、程序以及引援调节费的性质等方面对引援调节费制度进行了分析。从程序和实体两方面来检视引援调节费制度,可以发现该规则的设计缺乏自洽性,文件的制定背离了程序正义,制度的出台也违背比例原则的要求。从社团自治的视角出发,在法治思维下探索适合本土职业足球发展的规则体系,提出:中国足协要增强规则设计的自洽性,制定程序应当凸显社团自治,要尊重职业联赛发展的规律。
英文摘要:
      In view of the frequent high-priced signings of football clubs in the transfer market, the Chinese Football Association has introduced a system of transfer adjustment fee. In order to explore the legitimacy and rationality of the transfer adjustment fee, the rules of transfer adjustment fee are analyzed around the subject and procedure of rulemaking and the nature of the adjustment fee by using methods of comparison and contrast, historical research and some others. Examining the transfer adjustment fee from the perspective of procedures and entities, we can find that the design of the rules is not self-consistent, the formulation of the rules deviates from the procedural justice, and the introduction of the rules violates the principle of proportionality. Under this premise, it is proposed that the Chinese Football Association should enhance the self-consistency of rule design, highlight the autonomy of association and respect the law of professional league development so as to explore the rule system suitable for the development of local professional football under the rule of law.
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