回归技击,弘扬文化:武术教学内容改革的争议与反思
Returning to Combat Tactics and Promoting Culture: Controversy and Reflection on the Reform of Wushu Teaching Content
投稿时间:2019-06-10  
DOI:
中文关键词:武术  技击  教学内容  学校武术  改革
英文关键词:wushu  combat  teaching content  school wushu  reform
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(14BTY071);教育部人文社会科学研究项目(16YJA89003)
作者单位E-mail
吉洪林 上海师范大学 体育学院 jihonglin@shnu.edu.cn 
赵光圣 上海市体育局 zhaoguangsheng@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      为了解决“学生喜欢武术,却不喜欢武术课”的问题,化解学校武术发展的困局,针对武术教学内容进行深入分析,并提出见解。得出:“回归技击,弘扬文化”已成武术教学改革的共识,但存在“打练并进”和“打练结合”的学校武术发展模式之辩,出现了“淡化”“优化”“强化”武术套路的教学定位之争。认为:(1)“打练并进”符合未来学校武术发展的方向,“打练结合”可以改变武术套路教学的枯燥性;(2)将武术散打引入教学体系,实现“武术套路与武术散打”共存的教学模式,才可以实现“武术技击价值”的真正回归;(3)武术“技击性”教学需要充分保障其开展的“安全性”,应依据“禁止重击”的理念进行技术修订。
英文摘要:
      There has long been the contradiction in schools that students don't like wushu classes but they do like wushu. In order to resolve such dilemma of wushu teaching, this paper conducts an in-depth analysis of wushu teaching content and puts forward some opinions, pointing out that returning to combat tactics and promoting culture has become a consensus in the reform of wushu teaching, but there exists a debate on the development pattern of school wushu regarding the appropriate combination of combat and performance, and there is also a controversy on teaching orientation of "desalinating", "optimizing" or "strengthening" wushu routines (taolu). It is suggested that : (1) "Combing combat with performance", which is in line with the direction of school wushu development in the future, can help remove the sense of dullness in wushu routine (taolu) teaching; (2) Only by introducing wushu sanda into the teaching system and realizing the teaching pattern of combining "wushu routine (taolu) with wushu sanda", can the return of "wushu fighting value" be realized. (3) Wushu "combat" teaching needs an all-round guarantee for the "safe" implementation, and therefore should be "technically" revised according to the principle of " heavy blow prohibited ".
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