锻炼社会支持量表的编制与信效度检验
Development and Validation of the Social Support Scale for Exercise
投稿时间:2019-07-16  
DOI:
中文关键词:锻炼  社会支持  信效度检验
英文关键词:exercise  social support  reliability and validity test
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
钟 涛 河南师范大学 体育学院 tzhong_research@hotmail.com 
胡 亮 浙江大学 体育学系  
刘献国 河南师范大学 体育学院 xianguo_liu@htu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      有规律的体育锻炼对人们的身心健康具有积极的促进作用,而社会支持是影响锻炼行为的重要相关因素。因此本研究的目的在于编制和检验锻炼社会支持量表。通过结合现有研究文献和质性研究,确立了初测量表,并通过两轮定量研究,应用探索性和验证性因子分析,信度分析以及校标效度检验对该量表进行了标准化的信效度检验。结果表明锻炼社会支持量表由4个因子构成,即情感性支持、信息性支持、工具性支持、同伴性支持,共24个条目。统计分析显示,量表具有良好的结构效度、内部一致性、重测信度和校标效度。锻炼社会支持量表符合我国文化背景,可以作为在中国人群中进行锻炼社会支持测量的工具。
英文摘要:
      Regular exercise plays a critical role in facilitating people's physical and mental health. Social support, as a psychosocial correlate of exercise behavior, is of great importance. The purpose of the current study is to develop and validate the Chinese version of the Social Support Scale for Exercise. Grounded in extant literature as well as a qualitative research, initial scale items were generated. Successively, reliability and validity of the scale were examined via factor analysis, reliability analysis and criterion validity analysis. The newly developed 24-item Social Support Scale for Exercise consists of four factors, named emotion support, information support, instrument support and companion support, respectively. Statistical analysis reveals the scale possesses satisfactory internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity and criterion validity. The newly developed Social Support Scale for Exercise conforms to the cultural background of China and can be used as a tool to measure the social support of exercise in China.
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