竞技游泳运动员运动性伤病情况调查分析
Investigation and Analysis of Sports Injuries and Diseases among Competitive Swimmers
投稿时间:2019-05-13  
DOI:
中文关键词:游泳  运动性损伤  运动性疾病  竞技水平
英文关键词:swimming  sports injury  sports disease  competitive level
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
檀志宗 上海体育科学研究所 tanzhz@126.com 
楼俊华 上海市体育医院  
李 男 上海体育科学研究所  
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中文摘要:
      采用问卷调查法对浙沪两省市194名游泳运动员进行运动性伤病调查,主要从运动性伤病的类型、部位、性质方面对比分析不同竞技水平游泳运动员的伤病表型特征。结果显示:优秀运动员运动性损伤较常见,多以慢性劳损为主,损伤部位依次为肩关节、腰背部和膝关节;一般运动员常发生急性损伤,损伤部位依次为膝关节、肩关节和腰背部。两组运动员鼻炎和中耳炎均常见。因此,依据运动性伤病的可能原因与机制,需要制定有针对性的预防措施,以减少运动性伤病的发生。
英文摘要:
      A questionnaire survey was used to investigate the sports injuries and diseases among 194 swimmers in Zhejiang and Shanghai. The injury and disease phenotype traits of swimmers at different competitive levels were compared and analyzed on the basis of sports injury type, location and nature. The following results have been obtained: Sports injuries among elite athletes are common, most of which are chronic strain, and the most common injured parts are the shoulder joint, waist, back and knee joint in that order; While the general athletes often suffer from acute injuries, which are mostly located in the knee joint, shoulder joint and back. Rhinitis and otitis media are common in both groups. Therefore, According to the possible causes and mechanisms of sports injuries, it is necessary to formulate specific preventive measures to reduce the occurrence of sports injuries and diseases.
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