仿生减阻材料的制备及其性能研究
Preparation and Properties of Biomimetic Skin Drag Reduction Materials
投稿时间:2019-07-30  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200113
中文关键词:仿生  减阻材料  仿鲨鱼黏液  聚乙烯吡咯烷酮
英文关键词:biomimetic  drag reduction material  shark like mucus  polyvinyl pyrrolidone
基金项目:上海市科委科技创新行动计划项目(19DZ1200700)
作者单位E-mail
赵德峰 上海体育科学研究所 defengzhao@126.com 
陈贞祥 上海体育科学研究所  
赵海燕 上海体育科学研究所  
钱风雷 上海市竞技体育训练管理中心 fengleiqian@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的:应用仿生摩擦学原理制备皮肤减阻材料,并分析其减阻性能。方法:制备水减阻材料、油减阻材料、仿鲨鱼黏液减阻材料,进行包裹物漂浮测试和运动员泳池测试,分析减阻材料性能。结果:漂浮实验表明,与对照组相比,涂覆水减阻材料、油减阻材料和仿鲨鱼黏液减阻材料均有明显减阻效果(P<0.01),仿鲨鱼黏液材料减阻效果最佳。结论:利用仿生摩擦学原理,应用聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(PVP)、聚乙烯醇(PVA)和聚丙烯酰胺(PAM)等超高分子量聚合物制备的仿鲨鱼黏液减阻材料有明显减阻效果。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To make biomimetic skin drag reduction material and analyze its properties. Methods: The water drag reduction material, the oil drag reduction material, and the shark like mucus drag reduction material were prepared. And then floating tests and athlete pool tests were conducted to analyze the properties of different drag reduction materials. Results: The floating tests of different drag reduction materials showed that compared with the control group, the coated water drag reduction material, oil drag reduction material and shark like mucus drag reduction material, all had obvious drag reduction effect (P<0.01), among which the shark like mucus drag reduction material was the best. Conclusions: Shark like mucus drag reduction material made of ultra-high molecular polymers such as PVP, PVA and PAM based on principles of biomimetic tribology has obvious drag-reduction effect, which helps to improve swimming performance.
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