中老年人体育锻炼风险的识别和测度
Identification and Measurement of Exercise Risk among the Middle-aged and Elderly People
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200211
中文关键词:中老年人  体育锻炼风险  风险识别  风险测度
英文关键词:middle-aged and elderly people  exercise risk  riskidentification  risk measurement
基金项目:西安交通大学校基金自由探索项目(sk2016024)
作者单位
刘丽萍 西安交通大学陕西 西安 710049 。 
陈善平 西安交通大学陕西 西安 710049 。 
杨雪燕 西安交通大学陕西 西安 710049 。 
高琛卓 西安交通大学陕西 西安 710049 。 
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中文摘要:
      为系统识别老龄社会中中老年人体育锻炼的风险,本研究通过学术期刊和互联网新闻报道及案例,采用内容分析方法,首先归纳和识别出中老年人体育锻炼风险的7个一级维度和22个二级维度;其次,通过专家对各级维度进行打分,分析各个维度能否很好测度中老年人体育锻炼风险。研究发现:健康风险、个人锻炼行为风险、场馆器材风险、自然环境风险、家庭矛盾风险、人际交往风险和经济消费风险能够很好测度中老年人体育锻炼风险,且专家的评分在一级维度和二级维度方面表现出高度的一致性,为今后中老年人体育锻炼风险预防和定量研究提供理论参考
英文摘要:
      To systematically identify exercise risk for the middle-aged and elderly people in the context of aging population, based on previous researches, network news reports and various cases, this study, using content analysis method, firstly sorted out seven first-level dimensions and twenty two second-level dimensions of exercise risk for the middle-aged and elderly people; and then invited experts to evaluate the content validity of those dimensions to see if each dimension can be used to measure the exercise risk effectively. The study found that exercise risk for the middle-aged and elderly people could be well measured by the dimensions, including health risk, exercise behavior risk, equipment and gyms risk, nature environment risk, family conflicts risk, interpersonal risk and consumption risk. Expert scoring suggests high consistency between the first and second level dimensions. The study provides theoretical basis for the future quantitative research and the prevention of exercise risk for the middle-aged and elderly people.
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