芝加哥体育城市发展的经验与启示
Experience and Implication of the Development of Chicago Sports City
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200309
中文关键词:体育城市  工业化  职业体育俱乐部  芝加哥  创意阶层
英文关键词:sports city  industrialization  professional sports clubs  Chicago  creative class
基金项目:上海市哲学社会科学研究一般项目(2017BCK003)。
作者单位
陈林华 华东理工大学 上海 200237 
潘捷良 华东理工大学 上海 200237 
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中文摘要:
      体育城市是城市发展到高级阶段的产物,其萌芽和发展离不开特定的时代背景、文化基因和政策导向。主要采用文献资料法,对芝加哥体育城市建设的发展历程和基本经验进行分析。研究发现:芝加哥体育城市建设历程可以分为工业兴盛期、转型期和全球化时期3个阶段;发展的主要经验包括工业化奠定经济物质基础,移民社会催生心理需求,规划引导指明方向,政府支持给予发展保障。在此基础上,从物质基础、人力资源、文化环境和体制机制4个方面提出我国体育城市建设的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Sports city is the product of urban development in the advanced stage. The sprouting and development of sports cities can not be separated from the specific era background, cultural genes and policy orientation. The development process and the basic experience of Chicago sports city construction are analyzed in this paper by using the method of literature review. It's pointed out that the construction process of Chicago sports city can be divided into three stages: industrial prosperity, transformation and globalization. The experience of its development is mainly listed as follows: Industrialization has laid the economic and material foundation; Immigrant society has given birth to the psychological needs; Planning and guidance has pointed out the directions; And government support has ensured its development. Therefore, the study puts forward suggestions on the construction of sports cities in China from the four aspects of material foundation, human resources, cultural environment and institutional mechanisms.
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