社会体育伤害事故中公平责任原则与自甘风险原则的较量——基于羽毛球运动致伤案例的探析
The Balance between Principles of Equitable Liability and Assumption of Risk in Social Sports Injuries: An Analysis Based on Cases of Injuries in Badminton
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200312
中文关键词:体育法  羽毛球  公平责任原则  自甘风险原则  社会体育伤害事故
英文关键词:sports law  badminton  equitable liability principle  assumption of risk  injuries in social sports
基金项目:国家社科基金青年项目(19CTY007);西北政法大学义乌研究院横向课题(YW2020-1-07)
作者单位
徐 翔 西北政法大学 行政法学院(纪检监察学院)陕西 西安 710063 
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中文摘要:
      公平责任原则和自甘风险原则在处理民事侵权纠纷中是一对矛盾体,无论是在司法实务还是理论探讨中经常是争议的焦点。尤其在体育伤害纠纷中当双方都无主观故意的情况下产生伤害后,适用公平责任原则还是自甘风险原则,是国内外争论已久的话题。通过对案例进行实证研究和比较分析,探讨在社会普及度较高的羽毛球双打运动中发生的伤害事故的相关案件中,公平责任原则和自甘风险原则适用的合理与否,验证公平责任原则在该类运动伤害中适用的合理性。提出:应尽快完善和明确自甘风险原则在我国法律中的规定和地位,以便更好地在处理全民健身类体育活动伤害纠纷中对公平责任原则和自甘风险原则的援引,实现依法治体。
英文摘要:
      In the handling of civil tort disputes, the principles of equitable liability and assumption of risk are a pair of contradictions , which are often the focus of controversy either in judicial practice or in theoretical discussions. Especially in sports injury disputes, when there is harm caused unintentionally by both parties, the application of the principle of equitable liability or assumption of risk is a long-standing dispute at home and abroad. Based on the empirical study and comparative analysis of the injury cases in badminton doubles which enjoys a high social popularity in China, this paper discusses if it is reasonable to apply the principles of equitable liability and assumption of risk, and verifies the rationality of employing the principle of equitable liability in sports injuries. It is suggested that we should modify and clarify the provisions and status of the principle of assumption of risk in the law as soon as possible, so as to better invoke the principles of equitable liability and assumption of risk in the handling of disputes over injuries in the nationwide fitness activities, and to realize the rule of law accordingly.
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