反兴奋剂教育路径之研究——基于社会控制理论的视角
Research on Approaches to Anti-Doping Education: A Perspective of Social Control Theory
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200403
中文关键词:社会控制  反兴奋剂教育  路径
英文关键词:social control  anti-doping education  approach
基金项目:国家体育总局决策咨询研究重点项目(2019-B-20)。
作者单位
王克阳 上海政法学院 体育法治研究院上海 201701 
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全文下载次数: 2
中文摘要:
      随着体育运动的日益商业化、政治化,使用兴奋剂的丑闻不断涌现,如何使体育运动的参与者在一个公平和健康的环境中,实现“更快、更高、更强”体育精神的展示成为体育界关注的焦点。而为了打赢这场没有硝烟的战争,不仅应从法律和科技等宏观层面进行管控,还应从教育等微观层面着手,加强对反兴奋剂教育的研究。研究发现:当前的反兴奋剂教育存在教育内容复杂化、教育对象宽泛化和纯洁体育氛围缺失等问题,文章在剖析问题的基础上,认为反兴奋剂教育与社会控制理论在目的、任务和过程层面存在适用性;基于社会控制理论的启示,提出通过培育良善的风俗习惯,营造道德遵守的风尚,树立忠诚信仰,完善法治治理制度和注重社会舆论的监督等路径来解决目前我国反兴奋剂教育存在的问题。
英文摘要:
      Doping scandals keep emerging with the increasing commercialization and politicization of sports. How to enable participants to realize the true spirit of sportsmanship "faster, higher, stronger" in a fair and healthy environment has become the focus of attention in sports. In order to win this war without smoke, it is necessary to control not only from the macro level of law and science and technology, but also from the micro level of education, so as to promote the researches on anti-doping education. The study shows that there are some problems with the current anti-doping education: complicated education contents, broadly generalized educatees and lack of clean sports atmosphere. In view of the problems, the study argues that the social control theory applies to anti-doping education in terms of purpose, task and process. Based on the social control theory, the study proposes to solve the problems with China's anti-doping education by cultivating good customs and habits, promoting the trend of moral observance, establishing loyal belief, perfecting the rule of law governance system and laying emphasis on the supervision of public opinion.
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