酸樱桃汁在上海女子足球运动员联赛期间抗氧化/抗炎功效应用研究
Anti-oxidation and Anti-inflammation Effects of Tart Cherry Juice on Shanghai Women Football Players in League Matches
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200413
中文关键词:足球  抗氧化  抗炎  酸樱桃汁
英文关键词:football  anti-oxidation  anti-inflammation  tart cherry juice
基金项目:上海市科委科研项目(18DZ1200600;19DZ1200700)。
作者单位
王 晨 上海体育科学研究所上海 200030 
王 贝 上海体育科学研究所上海 200030 
赵海燕 上海体育科学研究所上海 200030 
李 男 上海体育科学研究所上海 200030 
王永梅 上海体育科学研究所上海 200030 
水庆霞 上海体育运动学校上海 200083 。 
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中文摘要:
      目的:通过观察上海女足运动员联赛期间服用酸樱桃汁后炎症、氧化应激反应和肌肉损伤等相关指标的变化,为制定联赛期间有效促进恢复的营养策略提供科学依据。方法:采用随机对照实验研究方法,观察补充组与对照组3周服用前、后炎症,抗氧化,肌肉损伤及肌肉爆发力相关指标的变化情况。结果:(1)补充组与对照组3周前、后CRP值均无显著性差异(P>0.05),但补充组呈下降趋势,而对照组呈升高趋势,CK值补充组3周后无显著变化(P>0.05),对照组3周后显著升高(P<0.05);(2)补充组与对照组3周前、后SOD值均无显著性变化(P>0.05);T-AOC补充组3周后显著升高(P<0.05),而对照组无显著性变化(P>0.05);(3)反向纵跳值补充组与对照组3周前、后无显著性差异(P>0.05),蹲跳值补充组3周后显著提高(P<0.05),而对照组无显著性变化(P>0.05)。结论:服用酸樱桃汁会提高机体抗氧化水平,保护肌肉细胞的结构和功能,补充酸樱桃汁可能可以作为短时间内连续比赛和恢复时间不足的运动员优化膳食营养结构并促进恢复的营养策略手段。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the effects of tart cherry juice on such indicators as inflammation, oxidative stress reaction and muscle injury among Shanghai women football players during the league matches, so as to provide a scientific reference for formulating effective nutrition strategies to promote recovery during the games. Methods: A randomized controlled experiment was conducted to observe the changes in the related indicators of inflammation, antioxidant, muscle injury and muscle explosiveness of players before and after 3 weeks with or without tart cherry juice supplement. Results (1) There was no significant changes in CPR after three weeks in both groups (P>0.05), but there was a decreasing trend in treatment group and an increasing trend in non-treatment group. There was no significant change in CK after three weeks in treatment group (P>0.05), but CK value significantly increased after three weeks in non-treatment group (P<0.05); (2) No significant changes of SOD were observed in both groups after three weeks (P>0.05). T-AOC value significantly increased after three weeks in treatment group (P<0.05), but not in non-treatment group (P>0.05); (3) No significant changes of CMJ were observed in both groups after three weeks (P>0.05) . SJ significantly increased after three weeks in treatment group (P<0.05), but not in non-treatment group (P>0.05). Conclusions Tart cherry juice may increase the body's antioxidant level and protect the structure and function of muscle cells, therefore it can be used as a nutrition strategy to optimize the dietary nutrition structure and promote recovery for players who have a serial of matches in a short time with limited time to recover.
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