紧身服装在提升自行车运动能力方面的研究综述
A Review of Studies on Tight Fitting Clothing in Improving Cycling Performance
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200513
中文关键词:紧身服装  自行车  运动能力
英文关键词:tight-fitting clothing  bicycle  athletic ability
基金项目:上海市科学技术委员会科研计划项目(19dz1200700)。
作者单位
陆星辰 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心)上海 200030 。 
张 洁 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心)上海 200030 。 
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中文摘要:
      紧身服装目前已成为多数运动项目尤其是自行车项目中运动者常用的运动装备。紧身服装能够通过改善运动中的静脉回流、骨骼肌能量代谢以及减少运动过程中的肌肉振动来达到提升运动能力的效果。但普通的紧身服装不能对训练有素的运动员产生有效刺激,紧身服装压力过小不能有效改善运动能力,压力过大则会影响皮下组织中的血液流动。因此,从紧身服装影响运动能力的机制,紧身服装松紧度对运动能力的影响等方面进行论述,发现目前研究者对紧身服装提高运动能力进而改善运动员骑行效果的合适压力范围尚存争议,今后的研究要对合适的压力范围加以明确。
英文摘要:
      Tight-fitting clothing has now become a common gear for athletes in most sports, especially cycling. Tight-fitting clothing can improve athletic ability by improving the venous reflux during exercise, energy metabolism of skeletal muscles, and reducing muscle vibration during exercise. However, ordinary tight-fitting clothing cannot effectively stimulate well-trained athletes. Too little pressure of tight-fitting clothing cannot effectively improve athletic ability, while too much pressure will affect blood flow in the subcutaneous tissue.Therefore, this article discusses the mechanism of tight clothing affecting athletic ability and the impact of clothing tightness on athletic ability, etc. It is found that currently the appropriate pressure range of tight fitting clothing to improve sports ability and thus improve the riding performance of athletes remains controversial among researchers, in view of which it is necessary to clarify the appropriate range of pressure in future researches.
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