对奥运会强制性体育仲裁协议模式的反思
Reflection on the Compulsory Sports Arbitration Agreement Model in Olympic Games
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200604
中文关键词:奥运会  强制性  体育仲裁  仲裁合意
英文关键词:Olympic Games  Compulsory  Sports Arbitration  Arbitration Agreement
基金项目:
作者单位
张于杰圣 中国政法大学 法学院,北京 100088 
姜璐璐 中国政法大学 法学院,北京 100088 
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中文摘要:
      尽管现行奥运会强制性体育仲裁协议模式对解决奥运会体育争议纠纷起到了积极作用,并推动国际体育仲裁院(CAS)成为国际体育争议解决领域的权威。但是,其强制性对运动员公民基本权利的侵犯和对运动员仲裁合意与意思自治的限制,以及对CAS自身瑕疵的异化作用,却使其在不断瓦解体育仲裁本身优势的同时,进一步成为影响奥运会体育仲裁和CAS正当性的负面因素。因此,通过在最大程度上去除“强制性”,即仅在特例中允许强制体育仲裁的存在,改良当前奥运会体育仲裁模式,便成为维护与巩固CAS和整个奥运会体育仲裁公正性、权威性以及广泛国际影响力的必然选择。
英文摘要:
      Although the current model of compulsory sports arbitration agreement has played an active role in solving sports disputes in Olympic Games and pushed Court of Arbitration for Sports (CAS) to be the authority in settling international sports disputes, the compulsory nature of the model infringes on the basic citizen rights of athletes, limits the arbitration agreement and autonomy of will, and alienates CAS from its own flaws, which accordingly has reduced the advantages of sports arbitration and has negatively affected the sports arbitration in Olympic Games and the legitimacy of CAS. Therefore, it is necessary to remove the "compulsory nature" to the greatest extent, that is, allowing the existence of compulsory sports arbitration only in special cases, and to modify the sports arbitration model in Olympic Games so as to maintain and promote the impartiality, authority and worldwide influence of the sports arbitration by CAS as well as the Olympic Games.
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