体育在清代笔记中的呈现
Research on Sports in Qing Dynasty Literary Sketches
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200609
中文关键词:清代体育  清代笔记  体育史
英文关键词:sports in the Qing Dynasty  literary sketches in the Qing Dynasty  sports history
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作者单位
邵刚 南通理工学院,江苏 南通 226002 
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中文摘要:
      运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法、古汉语考释法等,对二十余部清代笔记进行了地毯式搜寻。搜集的到有关清代马术、射箭、武术、舞蹈、球类、棋牌、杂技、养生活动等大量体育史料,涉及清代教育、民俗、军事、养生、学术研究等多个层面,囊括了清代自上而下各个阶层,通过经整理研究,分析清代体育发展的特点。研究认为:清代贵族体育参与呈现“满族尚武,汉族好文”的民族差异 ;较之前朝,部分传统体育活动在这一时期走向衰落 ;受政治环境影响,清代体育考据研究兴盛。清代笔记具有重要的体育史料价值,但在使用时也要注意对史料的辨讹。
英文摘要:
      Based on the methods of literature reveiw, logical analysis, and ancient Chinese interpretation, an exhaustive search was conducted on more than 20 literary sketches during the Qing Dynasty. The collection includes equestrianism, archery, martial arts, dance, ball games, chess and cards, acrobatics, health-preserving activities and other sports historical documents related to fileds like education, folklore, military, health maintanence, and academic research involing different social classes during the Qing Dynasty. After reviewing the literature on sports in literary sketches, the paper analyzed the characteristics of sports development in the Qing Dynasty. The conclusions are drawn as follows: The aristocratic participation in sports during the Qing Dynasty presents the ethnic difference of "Manchu advocates martial arts while Han admires literature"; Some traditional sports activities declined in this period compared with the previous dynasties; The sports research in Qing Dynasty flourished under the influence of the political environment. The literary sketches of the Qing Dynasty have important value for sports history, but they should be used with discrimination.
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