基于老子《道德经》的跆拳道修养论
Taekwondo Cultivation Based on Laozi's Tao Te Ching
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200610
中文关键词:老子  《道德经》    跆拳道  修养论
英文关键词:Laozi  Tao Te Ching  Daoism  Taekwondo  cultivation theory
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BTY091);山西省体育局科研课题(17TY111)
作者单位
林千枫 全北国立大学 教育学院,全州 561-756 
孟涛 上海市学校体育评估中心,上海 201620 
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全文下载次数: 801
中文摘要:
      通过文献资料法,试图以老子《道德经》中的“道”为基础,阐述跆拳道修养论。老子《道德经》中所谓的“道”,具有“自然无为”“不争”“朴素”等特征,认为具有这些特征的“道”可作为跆拳道训练的指导方法。首先,以“损”为原则的跆拳道训练应该消除社会或人类赋予跆拳道训练中强制的人为目的,通过“损”的训练寻找自然规律的要求,减少自身损伤,更能让自身朝着“道”的状态回归,寻找跆拳道的本质 ;其次,以“和谐”为原则的跆拳道训练,就是要放下,领悟世间真理,做到“不争”,不争的心态可促进跆拳道水平的提高与发挥 ;最后,以“知常知和”为基础的跆拳道训练,即在训练中遵守自己的内心,保护自我,摒弃华丽的动作以及争强好胜的心态,达到了这种心态才能够让跆拳道项目回归这项运动最初的本质——防御性,如此才能达到跆拳道项目的训练的目的。
英文摘要:
      This study attempts to expound the theory of Taekwondo cultivation on the basis of Taoism in Tao Te Ching by Laozi. The so-called "Taoism" has the characteristics of "natural inaction", "no contest" and "simplicity". The "Daoism" with these characteristics can be used as the guideline for Taekwondo training. First, Taekwondo training based on the principle of "damage" should not chase the goals imposed by society or human beings. You should try to meet the requirements of the natural law through the "damage" training, so as to reduce your own injury risks, to make yourself return to the state of "Daoism", and to appreciate the essence of Taekwondo. Secondly, Taekwondo cultivation based on the principal of "harmony" requires you to let go, to understand the truth of the world and to be "uncontested", the attitude of which can help promote Taekwondo performance. Finally, Taekwondo training based on the principle "know the law and know the harmony" is to follow your own heart, protect yourself, abandon showy actions and competitive mentality. Only in this way can you understand the nature of the sport: to be defensive, and achieve the real goal of practising Taekwondo.
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