我国儿童足球训练运动损伤初探:基于992名6~9岁球员的横断面研究
Initial Investigation of Sports Injuries of Chinese Children in Football Training: A Cross-sectional Study of 992 Players Aged Six to Nine
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200611
中文关键词:儿童  运动损伤  足球训练  横断面研究
英文关键词:children  sports injury  football training  cross-sectional study
基金项目:上海市扬帆计划(19YF1414600)
作者单位
陈天午 复旦大学附属华山医院 运动医学科,上海 200040 复旦大学 运动医学研究所,上海 200032 
张鹏 复旦大学附属华山医院 运动医学科,上海 200040 复旦大学 运动医学研究所,上海 200032 
刘尧 苏州大学附属儿童医院 骨科,江苏 苏州 215025 
杨以萌 复旦大学附属华山医院 运动医学科,上海 200040 复旦大学 运动医学研究所,上海 200032 
蔡江瑜 复旦大学附属华山医院 运动医学科,上海 200040 复旦大学 运动医学研究所,上海 200032 
陈世益 复旦大学附属华山医院 运动医学科,上海 200040 复旦大学 运动医学研究所,上海 200032 
全文下载次数: 813
全文下载次数: 787
中文摘要:
      目的:调查我国6~9岁儿童在足球训练中运动损伤的患病率、患病特点、影响因素。方法:本横断面研究纳入2017—2019年中国足球小将相关赛事报名参赛球员,收集人口基本信息、足球训练情况、足球训练相关损伤情况。结果:研究纳入992例球员,来自全国16个省和直辖市。其中男性儿童953人、女性儿童39人,平均年龄(8.1±0.8)岁,平均身高(135.3±6.8) cm,平均体重(29.0±4.7) kg,平均BMI(15.8±1.8) kg/m2,平均球龄(28.7±10.5)月。足球训练中运动损伤的患病率为15.0%。损伤最常见的部位为踝关节;最常见受伤类型是关节扭伤或韧带损伤。受伤球员与未受伤球员间最大训练强度有统计学差异(P<0.05),性别、年龄、场上位置、每次训练时间、每周训练频率无统计学差异。结论:我国6~9岁参与足球运动的儿童在训练中出现运动损伤的患病率为15%。其中踝关节扭伤最常见。训练强度过高很可能是导致发生训练损伤的风险因素。
英文摘要:
      To investigate the prevalence rate, characteristics, and influencing factors of sports injuries in football training among the children of 6~9 years old in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-section study to collect the demographics, football training information, and football training-related injuries among the players registered in the China Football Boy related tournaments during 2017 and 2019.Results: A total of 992 players (gender: 953 boys, 39 girls; age: 8.1±0.8 years; height: 135.3±6.8 cm; weight: 29.0±4.7 kg; BMI: 15.8±1.8 kg/m2; time of playing football: 28.7±10.5 months) from 16 provinces and municipalities were enrolled. The prevalence rate of sports injuries in football training was 15.0%. The most common injured part was the ankle; the most common injury type was a joint sprain or ligament injury. We found a statistically significant difference in the maximum training intensity between the injured and the uninjured players (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference regarding gender, age, position on the field, training time, and training frequency between the players with and without injuries. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of sports injury in football training is 15% for Chinese children aged six to nine. The ankle sprain is the most common injury. Excessive training intensity is likely to be a risk factor for training injuries.
查看全文  下载PDF阅读器
关闭