国际儿童肥胖症运动疗法及相关领域研究进展
International Research Progress in Exercise Therapy and Related Fields for Childhood Obesity
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200615
中文关键词:儿童肥胖症  运动疗法  有氧运动  抗阻训练
英文关键词:childhood obesity  exercise therapy  aerobic exercise  resistance training
基金项目:上海市人类运动能力开发与保障重点实验室资助项目(11DZ2261100),2018年度上海杉达学院科研基金(校基金)资助项目(2018zz23)
作者单位
宋亚刚 上海杉达学院,上海 201209 
王兴 上海体育学院,上海 200438 
司虎克 上海体育学院,上海 200438 
谭景旺 上海体育学院,上海 200438 
张元梁 上海师范大学,上海 200234 
陈理 上海杉达学院,上海 201209 
全文下载次数: 882
全文下载次数: 850
中文摘要:
      探索当前国际儿童肥胖症运动疗法研究的特征、趋势及热点内容,为不断推动我国儿童肥胖症运动疗法研究发展提供理论支撑。方法:计算机检索Web of Science、PubMed和EMbase数据库,收集以儿童肥胖与运动疗法为研究主题的科研文献,共1 469篇,借助SATI、SPSS、UCINET等软件对文献进行主题聚类与内容分析。结果:(1)有关儿童肥胖症运动疗法研究的发文量呈逐年递增趋势,发文量最多的国家为美国、英国、加拿大等西方经济发达国家;(2)研究力量主要分布于欧美地区的综合型高等院校之中,高产作者之间形成了6大凝聚力较强的核心科学研究合作集群,但其跨地域和跨机构间的合作交流并不密切;(3)学科领域以体育科学为主导,医学、营养学、内分泌与新陈代谢学、公共环境与职业健康、内科学、护理学、生理学、心理学、教育学、康复学、家庭科学、社会科学、生物医学和环境科学等多学科多领域互相交叉的综合性学科群;(4)研究热点主要围绕有氧运动、抗阻训练、运动与饮食、营养策略以及相关的流行疾病学等5个方面展开。结论:运动疗法在儿童肥胖预防与治疗过程中的应用是当前学者们关注的热点问题。研究热点揭示了当前国际儿童肥胖运动疗法主要内容,即有氧训练、抗阻训练以及有氧与抗阻训练联合的干预策略。其中,抗阻训练在预防和辅助治疗儿童肥胖方面具有较大的潜力和优势。
英文摘要:
      To explore the characteristics, trends and hot topics of current international researches on exercise therapy for childhood obesity, and to provide theoretical support for the continuous development of researches on exercise therapy for childhood obesity in China. Methods: A total of 1469 articles on childhood obesity and exercise therapy were collected by searching the databases of web of science, PubMed and EMbase. The topic clustering and content analysis were carried out by using the softwares of SATI, SPSS and UCINET. Results: (1) The amount of publications on exercise therapy for childhood obesity is increasing year by year. The countries with the most publications are the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and other western developed countries. (2) The researchers are mainly from the comprehensive colleges and universities in Europe and the United States. And there are six core scientific research cooperation groups with strong conncetion among the highly productive authors, but there is no close cross-regional or cross-institutional cooperation and exchanges. (3) The subject areas are either multi-disciplinary or cross-disciplinary, dominated by sports science, involing meanwhile medical science, nutrition, endocrine and metabolism, public environment and occupational health, general and internal medicine, nursing, physiology, psychology, pedagogy, rehabilitation medicine, family science, social science, biomedical and environmental science and so on; (4) The researches focus mainly on five aspects: aerobic exercise, resistance training, exercise and diet, nutrition strategies and related epidemiology. Conclusion: The application of exercise therapy in prevention and treatment of childhood obesity is a hot issue for scholars. The research hotspots reveal the main contents of the current international exercise therapy for childhood obesity, namely aerobic exercise, resistance training and intervention strategies combing aerobic with resistance training, among which, resistance training has great potential and advantage in preventing and helping treat childhood obesity.
查看全文  下载PDF阅读器
关闭