反兴奋剂中样本采集环节问题分析——基于“孙杨案”的反思
Analysis of the Problems in Anti-Doping Sample Collection Procedure: Reflection on "the Sun Yang Case"
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210201
中文关键词:孙杨案  样本采集  运动员权利  反兴奋剂工作
英文关键词:"the Sun Yang Case"  sample collection  athlete's right  anti-doping work
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BTY007)
作者单位
伍洁霞 湘潭大学 法学院,湖南 湘潭 411105 。 
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中文摘要:
      “孙杨案”是目前关于样本采集环节讨论最具代表性的案例。实践中,反兴奋剂领域对样本采集环节规则与程序的要求均有所忽视,就该案而言,具体体现在以下三方面:采样规则的解释和适用存有争议;采样机构的管理模式较为松散;运动员缺乏及时有效的救济途径。样本采集阶段作为反兴奋剂实践中的重要环节,其严格性和规范性不仅关系到运动员权利保障,也影响到反兴奋剂工作的开展,更会对反兴奋剂体系多年构建的权威性造成冲击。对此,可从优化样本采集程序规则和完善样本采集程序运行体系入手,使得样本采集环节进一步规范化。
英文摘要:
      "The Sun Yang Case" is currently the most representative case discussed in sample collection procedure. In practice, the requirements for regulations and procedure in anti-doping sample collection field are usually ignored. In this case, the following three aspects are presented: the interpretation and application of sampling regulations are controversial; the management of the sampling institutions is relatively loose; and the athletes lack timely and effective relief. As an important stage in anti-doping practice, the preciseness and normalization of sample collection not only affect the protection of the athlete's right but also the progress of anti-doping work. It also impacts the authority of anti-doping system built over many years. To further standardize the sample collection procedure, measures can be taken from optimizing the procedure regulation and improving the operating system in sample collection.
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