功能训练对老年人身体功能能力影响的研究进展
Research Progress about the Effect of Functional Training on the Elderly`s Physical Function Competence
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210207
中文关键词:功能能力  功能训练  老年人
英文关键词:functional competence  functional training  the elderly
基金项目:2019年上海市体育科技“综合计划”项目(19Z014)
作者单位
王道 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心),上海 200030 。 
陈莹 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心),上海 200030 。 
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中文摘要:
      功能能力是影响老年人日常生活活动和功能独立性的重要因素,在健康老龄化背景下,探讨功能训练对老年人身体功能能力的影响是个重要的研究问题。本文从老年人进行功能训练的意义出发,综述了目前相关的关于不同形式的功能训练对老年人肌肉力量、平衡能力、移动能力,以及日常生活活动能力影响的研究进展,并提出适合老年人进行的身体功能训练的主要特征,以期为未来进一步研究提供理论和实践依据。
英文摘要:
      Functional competence is an important factor that affects the activities in daily life and functional independence of the elderly. In the context of healthy aging, it is an important research topic to explore the effect of functional training on the physical functional competence of the elderly. This paper starts with the significance of the elderly`s functional training, reviews the research progress about the effect of different patterns of functional training on the elderly`s muscle power, balance competence, moving competence and daily life competence. The major features of the physical functional training suitable for the elderly are also noted to provide theoretical and practical foundation for researches in the future.
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