FIFA11+热身练习对女子甲级足球运动员灵敏和下肢爆发力的急性影响
Acute Effects of FIFA11+ Warm Up on Agility and Leg Power of the 2nd League Female Soccer Players
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210310
中文关键词:FIFA11+  女子足球  反应灵敏  下肢爆发力
英文关键词:FIFA11+  women's soccer  reactive agility  leg power
基金项目:上海市科委科研计划项目(18080503400)
作者单位
张博翼 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 上海交通大学 体育系 运动健康工程中心,上海 200240 。 
叶志竞 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
卞超 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
陈美霞 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
袁子航 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
黎涌明 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      FIFA11+热身练习被证明可以有效降低足球运动员运动损伤的发生率,但是其对高水平女子足球运动员竞技表现的效果还需要进一步研究。本研究旨在探究FIFA11+热身练习对女子甲级足球运动员灵敏和下肢爆发力的急性影响。21名我国女子甲级联赛某球队足球运动员自愿参加本次研究。受试者随机先后进行FIFA11+热身练习(初级)和常规热身。热身前、热身后即刻和热身后15 min,受试者进行反应灵敏、反向纵跳和505灵敏测试。FIFA11+热身练习后即刻受试者反应灵敏和反向纵跳显著提升,505灵敏测试成绩无显著变化,但FIFA11+热身和常规热身间无显著差异(P>0.05)。热身后即刻与热身15 min后的急性影响类似,且FIFA11+热身练习和常规热身间无显著差异(P>0.05)。FIFA11+热身练习的平均心率和主观疲劳度显著高于常规热身。FIFA11+热身练习可以提高女子甲级足球运动员反应灵敏和下肢爆发力的急性表现,且这些急性效果可以持续至少15 min。然而,FIFA11+热身练习的这些急性效果似乎并不优于常规热身练习,且还可能会造成更高的生理和主观负荷。
英文摘要:
      FIFA11+ warm up programme has been proven effective in reducing the incidence of sports injuries for soccer players. However, its effect on the performance of elite female soccer players calls for further research. This study aims to examine the acute effects of FIFA11+ warm up programme on agility and leg power of the 2nd league female soccer players. 21 female soccer players in a Chinese woman 's 2nd league team volunteered to participate in this study. The participants randomly performed FIFA11+ warm up (primary) and routine warm up. They had tests for reactive agility, counter movement jump, and 505 agility before warm up, immediately after warm up, and 15 minutes after warm up. The reactive agility and counter movement jump of the participants significantly improved immediately after the FIFA11+ warm up programme. while there was no significant difference in the 505 agility test results, and no group difference was found in all comparisons (P>0.05). The acute effects between groups tested immediately after warm up and 15 minutes after warm up were similar, and there was no significant difference between FIFA11+ warm up and routine warm up groups (P>0.05). The average heart rate and rating of perceived exertion of the FIFA11+ warm up group were significantly higher than those of the routine warm up. FIFA11+ warm up programme can improve the female soccer players' acute performance of reactive agility and lower body power, which can last at least 15 minutes. However, these acute effects of FIFA11+ warm up programme do not seem to be superior to routine warm up, and even they might lead to higher physiological and perceptive load.
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