不同干预时机冷水浸泡和全身冷冻疗法对运动表现影响的综述
Review on Effects of Cold Water Immersion and Whole Body Cryotherapy at Different Intervention Timings on Athletic Ability
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210406
中文关键词:冷水浸泡  全身冷冻疗法  运动表现  干预时机
英文关键词:cold water immersion(CWI)  whole body cryotherapy(WBC)  sport performance  intervention timing
基金项目:上海市科学技术委员会科研计划项目(19dz1200700)
作者单位
李男 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心),上海 200030 。 
檀志宗 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心),上海 200030 。 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,冷水浸泡(CWI)和全身冷冻疗法(WBC)在运动领域的应用越来越多。它们被认为起到促进运动能力恢复、减少运动损伤发生、抑制运动中核心温度过快增加等作用。然而,这2种方式对运动能力的影响尚存争议。根据冷冻疗法的干预时机可以分为:运动前(预冷)、运动中或间歇、运动后。查阅近年来关于CWI和WBC对运动能力影响的相关研究,通过文献综述总结了在不同时机下2种身体冷却方法对运动能力的影响。
英文摘要:
      Recently, cold water immersion (CWI) and whole body cryotherapy (WBC) are more used in sports field. It is believed that they can promote recovery of athletic ability, decrease sports injury rate, inhibit rapid increase of core temperature during sports. However, there's still debate about their effects on athletic ability. According to intervention timing of cryotherapy, it could be divided into three conditions: before exercise (pre-cooling), during exercise or interval of exercise and after exercise. By searching resent researches on effects of CWI and WBC on athletic ability, it summarized the effects of two body cryotherapy on athletic ability at different timings.
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