复合式训练对冬残奥高山滑雪站姿组运动员力量素质的影响
Effects of Compound Training on the Strength of Stance Athletes in the Winter Paralympic Alpine Ski
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20220209
中文关键词:复合式训练  冬残奥  高山滑雪  力量素质
英文关键词:compound training  winter paralymip  alpine ski  strength performance
基金项目:国家重点研发计划“科技冬奥”重点专项(2018YFF0300602)
作者单位
朱小倩 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
吴雪萍 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
摘要点击次数: 141
全文下载次数: 124
中文摘要:
      目的:通过对比复合式训练与高强度力量训练的训练效果,探究复合式训练对冬残奥高山滑雪站姿组运动员最大力量和快速力量的影响。方法:将18名男子冬残奥高山滑雪站姿组运动员随机分为实验组(n=9)与对照组(n=9),基于原有力量训练内容,实验组进行复合式训练(高强度力量训练结合快速伸缩复合训练),对照组仅进行高强度力量训练,并在实验前后对比最大力量和快速力量等指标变化。结果:(1)仅实验组反向跳最大功率、连续跳跃平均功率和最大肌力显著提升(P<0.01);(2)干预后,实验组反向跳最大功率、连续跳跃平均功率和最大肌力绝对值大于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:8周复合训练的训练效果优于普通力量训练,可以使冬残奥高山滑雪站姿组运动员最大肌力和快速力量显著提升。
英文摘要:
      This paper aims to explore the effect of compound training on the maximum strength and rapid strength of the Winter Paralympic alpine ski stance athletes by comparing the training effects of compound training and high-intensity strength training. Eighteen male Winter Paralympic alpine skiing stance athletes are randomly divided into experimental group (n=9) and control group (n=9). The experimental group receive compound training (high-load resistance training combined with plyometric training) while the control group only performs high-load resistance training based on the original strength training protocol. The changes in indicators such as maximum strength and rapid strength are compared before and after the experiment. It shows that the maximum power of countermovement jump, the average power of continuous jumps and the maximum muscle strength of the experimental group are significantly increased (P<0.01). The maximum power of countermovement jump, the average power of continuous jump and the absolute value of maximum muscle strength in the experimental group are better than those in the control group after the intervention (P<0.05). In conclusion, the training effect of 8-week compound training is better than that of conventional strength training, which can significantly promote the maximal muscle strength and rapid strength of the Winter Paralympic alpine ski stance athletes.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭