教练员关怀行为、群体认同感对运动投入的影响
The Influence of Coaches′ Caring Behavior and Perceived Intragroup Identity on Athlete Engagement
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2021112201
中文关键词:教练员关怀行为  非专业男子篮球运动员  群体认同感  运动投入
英文关键词:coaches′ caring behavior  non-professional men′s basketball athlete  perceived intragroup identity  athlete engagement
基金项目:上海市社科规划一般课题(2017BTY005)
作者单位
高茜茜 上海师范大学 体育学院,上海 200234 
付艳丽 上海市七宝中学,上海 201101 
赵茂勇 浙江省温州体育运动学校,浙江 温州 325000 
朱从庆 上海师范大学 体育学院,上海 200234 
张元文 上海师范大学 体育学院,上海 200234 
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中文摘要:
      目的:运用交叉滞后研究设计方案,探讨教练员关怀行为、群体认同感对高校非专业男子篮球运动员运动投入的综合影响。方法:采用教师关怀行为量表、感知群体认同量表和运动投入问卷,对607名高校非专业男子篮球运动员进行12周、两阶段的纵向追踪调查。结果:对于高校非专业男子篮球运动员,教练员关怀行为与其群体认同感、运动投入具有跨时间、稳定的正相关(P<0.01);交叉滞后分析显示,教练员的关怀行为能够正向预测运动员12周后的群体认同感和运动投入水平(P<0.001),运动员的群体认同感能够正向预测12周后的运动投入水平(P<0.001),并且,在教练员关怀行为与运动员运动投入的影响链上,运动员的群体认同感具备中介效应。结论:对于高校非专业男子篮球运动员,教练员的关怀行为能够提升运动员群体认同感、改善运动投入水平;教练员关怀行为能够通过提升运动员群体认同感而间接促进运动投入水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective: Use the cross-lagged research design to explore the influence of the coaches′ caring behavior and the college non-professional men′s basketball athletes′perceived intragroup identity on their sports engagement. Methods: Use the teachers′ caring behavior scale (TCBS), perceived intragroup identity scale (PIIS), and the athlete engagement questionnaires (AEQ), to conduct a twelve-week, two-stage longitudinal follow-up investigation on 607 college non-professional men′s basketball athletes. Results: For non-professional men′s basketball athletes, there was a trans-temporal stable positive correlation between coaches′ caring behavior, athletes′ perceived intragroup identity and engagement (P<0.01). The cross-lagged analysis revealed that, coaches′ caring behavior could positively predict athletes′ perceived intragroup identity and engagement after 12 weeks (P<0.001), and the athletes′ perceived intragroup identity could positively predict engagement after 12 weeks (P<0.001). Moreover, on the influence chain of coaches′ caring behavior and athlete engagement, athlete′s perceived intragroup identity had a mediation effect. Conclusion: For college non-professional men′s basketball athletes, the coaches′ caring could enhance athletes′ perceived intragroup identity and improve their engagement. Furthermore, the coaches′ caring behavior could indirectly promote the sports engagement by enhancing athletes′ perceived intragroup identity.
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