我国学校体育竞赛的开展现状与发展对策
Study on the Status Quo of School Sports Competitions and Development Strategies
  
DOI:
中文关键词:学校体育竞赛  开展现状  原因  发展对策
英文关键词:school sports  competition  development status  cause  development strategy
基金项目:2013年教育部全国优秀博士学位论文作者专项资金资助项目(201307)
作者单位
魏磊 上海大学 体育学院 
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中文摘要:
      学校体育运动竞赛是一种重要的教育方式,以上海市学校体育竞赛为例,运用文献资料法、访谈法等研究方法对我国学校体育竞赛进行分析,研究认为:(1)我国学校体育竞赛是指在学校范畴内学生参加的体育竞赛活动,按照组织单位可以分为校际体育竞赛、校内体育竞赛、学生自发组织的体育竞赛;(2)我国学校体育竞赛目前存在着竞赛及参与人数少、与体育教学相脱节、竞赛文化不浓厚等问题;(3)认识不足、重视不够、导向不明以及安全顾虑等是影响其开展的主要原因;(4)应该转变观念、提高认识、积极引导、丰富竞赛项目、完善评价制度、加强学校体育竞赛文化建设。
英文摘要:
      School sports competition is an important way of education. By the methods of literature study and interview and taking the school sports competitions in Shanghai as an example, the article discusses the school sports competitions in China. The study reaches the following conclusions:(1)The school sports competition in China means that the students take part in sports competitions within the range of schools. According to the organizers, the sports competitions may be divided into inter-school competition, inside-school competition and the competition organized by the students themselves. (2)At present, the school sports competition in China is still facing the problems of insufficient number of events and participants, disconnection with PE teaching and unsatisfactory competition cultural environment.(3)Insufficient understanding, less attention, unknown orientation and security concerns are the main causes affecting its development.(4)We should change our ideas, improve our consciousness, guide the students actively, enrich the competition events and perfect the evaluation system so as to strengthen the cultural construction of school sports competitions.
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