上海竞技体育可持续发展之路:引进?还是培养?
Introduction or Cultivation —— Road for the Sustainable Development of Competitive Sports in Shanghai
  
DOI:
中文关键词:上海  竞技体育  后备人才  运动员引进  人才培养
英文关键词:Shanghai  competitive sports  reserved talent  introduction of athlete  talent development
基金项目:
作者单位
缪佳 上海体育学院 
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中文摘要:
      上海作为中国经济发达的大城市,曾为中国的竞技体育培养了不少优秀运动员。但随着上海经济发展,上海竞技体育后备人才面临着危机,上海不得不为实现全运会目标而大量引进外省市运动员,这一举措虽然缓解了上海后备人才匮乏的矛盾,但也带来了诸多问题:上海原有的输送系统受到阻塞,上海业余训练经费支出和业余训练人数减少,引进运动员退役后如何在上海生存等等。上海要兼顾国际大都市的建设和竞技体育的可持续发展,就要以城市化发展的特点和上海本身的经验,改变固有的竞技体育发展思路,打造有世界影响力的竞技体育。
英文摘要:
      Shanghai, as an economically-developed metropolis in China, has brought up quite a few elite athletes for China's competitive sports. Yet the cultivation of Shanghai reserved competitive sports talents is facing a crisis. Shanghai has to bring in many athletes from other provinces and municipalities in order to win good results in the National Games. This measure offsets Shanghai's urgent need for reserved talents, but it has also brought about lots of problems, such as the blockade of Shanghai's original talent conveying system, the reduction of Shanghai Amateur sports training expenditure and number of the people for amateur training, how the bring-in athletes will survive after their retirement, etc. Shanghai should consider both the construction of a world metropolitan city and the sustainable development of competitive sports. It should change its original way of thinking for the development of competitive sports and try to build up competitive sports with world influence based on the city development characteristics and the experience of Shanghai.
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