基于省域视角下我国体育产业环境的差异研究
Difference of Provincial Sports Industry Environment in China
投稿时间:2017-05-12  
DOI:
中文关键词:体育产业  环境  省域差异  政策
英文关键词:sports industry  environment  provincial differences  policy
基金项目:2015年国家社科基金项目(15BTY047);2015年辽宁省体育局课题(2015lntyyb-31)
作者单位E-mail
吴立川 沈阳师范大学 体育科学学院 wulichuan10@126.com 
李安娜 沈阳师范大学 体育科学学院  
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中文摘要:
      运用因子分析法与主成分分析法,建立了体育产业环境评价的量化指标,对我国31个省(市、区)的省域差异进行分析和研究。进一步运用聚类分析法将我国体育产业环境按政府和市场因子的强弱分为四大类:Ⅰ类地区(强市场、弱政府)主要包括北京、上海、浙江3个省市;Ⅱ类地区(强市场、强政府)主要包括:江苏、山东、广东3省市;Ⅲ类地区(弱市场、强政府)主要包括:河北、山西、辽宁、安徽、福建、河南、湖北、湖南、四川、陕西、天津、重庆12个省市;Ⅳ类地区(弱市场、弱政府)主要包括:内蒙古、吉林、黑龙江、江西、广西、海南、贵州、云南、西藏、甘肃、青海、宁夏、新疆13个省市。基于研究结论从体育产业政策、产业结构、产业优势与劣势、政府与市场关系等方面提出了优化我国省域体育产业环境的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Using factor analysis and principal component analysis, the article establishes the quantitative indicators of sports industry environment assessment to analyze the difference between the 31 provinces (cities, districts) in China. By the method of clustering analysis, It classifies China's sports industry environment into four categories according to the strength of the governments and the status of the markets. The first category (strong market, weak government) includes Beijing, Shanghai and Zhejiang Province. The second category (strong market, strong government) includes Jiangsu, Shandong and Guangdong Provinces. The third category (weak market, strong government) includes the provinces of Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Anhui, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Shaanxi and the cities of Tianjin and Chongqing. The fourth category (weak market, weak government) includes Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Hainan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang. Based on the conclusion of the study, the article puts forward some suggestions for optimizing provincial sports industry environment from the aspects of sports industry policy, industry structure, advantages and disadvantages of the industry, the relationship between government and market, etc.
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