国际体育组织的处罚程序机制研究:以国际足联为例
On the Punishment Procedure Mechanism of the International Sports Organizations: Taking FIFA as an Example
投稿时间:2017-10-27  
DOI:
中文关键词:国际体育组织  处罚程序  权利救济  国际足联
英文关键词:international sports organization  punishment procedure  right remedy  FIFA
基金项目:2017年教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJC890048)
作者单位E-mail
张文闻 广州大学 体育学院 wyhzww@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      以国际足联为例证,通过对国际体育组织罚则的规范实证分析,结合具体的处罚案例,分析了国际体育组织处罚权的行使程序及处罚相对人的权利救济制度。国际体育组织行使处罚权的一般程序主要包括立案、调查取证、听证、审议和决定程序,还包括临时措施、紧急程序以及扩大处罚效力至全球范围等特殊程序。国际体育组织处罚相对人的权利救济方式主要包括两种:向内部申诉委员会提起申诉的内部权利救济和向国际体育仲裁院提起仲裁的外部权利救济。国际体育组织在其处罚的程序设置上,借鉴了国家行政处罚和诉讼的一般程序设计,具有一定的公正性和合理性。我国单项体育协会应了解并遵守国际体育组织的处罚规则,充分利用处罚相对人的权利救济机制,借鉴国际体育组织处罚程序机制的有益经验,完善罚则,设置公平、合理的处罚程序,注重对处罚相对人的权利保障,确立处罚相对人的权利救济机制。
英文摘要:
      Taking FIFA as an example and through the normative empirical analysis of the penalty rules of the international sports organizations, the paper analyzes the punishment procedures of the international sports organizations and the right relief system for the punishment objects, based on the specific punishment cases. The general punishment procedures of the international sports organizations mainly include filing, investigation, hearing, deliberation and decision, and also include some special procedures such as temporary measures, emergency procedures, extending sanction effect to the scope of the world, etc. There are two kinds of remedies for the punishment objects, i.e., inner right relief of filing complaints to the internal appeal committee or outer right relief of appealing to CAS for arbitration. The penalty procedures of the international sports organizations are based on the general procedures of national administrative punishment and litigation and therefore have certain fairness and rationality. The single sport associations of China should understand and abide by the punishment rules of the international sports organizations and make full use of the remedy mechanism for the punishment objects. Meanwhile, we should draw lessons from the international sports organizations, improve the mechanism of penalty procedures, formulate fair and reasonable punishment procedures, protect the rights of the punishment objects and establish perfect remedy mechanism.
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