大强度的无氧间歇练习、有氧耐力练习及其组合练习的次序对恢复期心脏自主神经功能的影响
Effects of High Intensity Anaerobic Interval Exercise, Aerobic Endurance Exercise and Combined Exercise Order On the Cardiac Autonomic Function in Recovery Period
投稿时间:2017-09-09  
DOI:
中文关键词:无氧间歇练习  有氧耐力练习  组合练习次序  心率变异  恢复期
英文关键词:anaerobic interval exercise  aerobic endurance exercise  combined exercise order  heart rate variability  recovery period
基金项目:江苏省普通高校学术学位研究生科技创新计划项目(KYLX16_1344);解放军理工大学预先研究基金(KYJYZLXY1602-35)
作者单位E-mail
胡斐 南京体育学院运动健康科学系中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心 hf1031883667@sina.com 
徐盛嘉 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心  
沈铭彬 南京体育学院运动健康科学系中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心  
向奎金 南京体育学院运动健康科学系中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心  
黄强年 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心  
田东 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心  
马继政 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 运动科学研究中心 mjz_mjj@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的:评估大强度的无氧间歇练习、有氧耐力练习及其组合练习的次序对恢复期心脏自主神经功能的影响。方法:采用随机交互设计,15名健康男性受试者分别完成4次运动:600 m间歇跑练习、30 min大强度持续跑练习、600 m间歇跑加30 min大强度持续跑练习,30 min大强度持续跑加600 m间歇跑练习,分别在运动前(0~10 min)、整个运动期间和运动后恢复期(0~20 min)记录RR间期,并进行相应HRV分析以及在运动前和运动后即刻进行血乳酸测试。结果:与安静状态相比,运动中HR、EPOC和TRIMP均显著增加,但组合练习次序间不存在显著差异;恢复期20 min内,HR随恢复时间增加逐渐降低,但同一恢复阶段不同运动方案之间无显著差异;RMSSD、SDNN、SDNN/HR、HF和LF变化相似,在整个恢复阶段均显著低于安静值,但HF和LF在恢复期(15~20 min)显著增加;而LF/HF随着恢复时间延长显著增加。结论:大强度的无氧间歇练习、持续有氧练习及其组合练习,在运动后早期恢复阶段(0~20 min)HRV变化趋于一致,提示耐力运动后心脏自主神经功能的调整可能不具有运动形式依赖性。此外,大强度无氧间歇和有氧耐力练习的组合练习次序不影响运动后恢复期心脏自主功能的调节,恢复期20 min内,交感活性仍处于较高水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective: This test is to evaluate the effects of high intensity anaerobic interval exercise, aerobic endurance Exercise and combined exercise order on the cardiac autonomic function in recovery period. Method: In a random cross-over design, 15 healthy young males performed four exercises: 600m anaerobic interval exercise, 30min high intensity continuous exercise, 600m anaerobic interval exercise plus 30min high intensity continuous exercise, 30min high intensity continuous exercise plus 600m anaerobic interval exercise. The R-R intervals was recorded, including pre-exercise (0-10min), the whole exercise period and recovery stage (0-20min). HRV analysis was made and lactic acid tests were arranged before and immediately after the exercises. Result: HR, EPOC and TRIMP for all the exercises significantly increased compared to rest, and there was no significant difference between the combined exercises. During the 20min recovery, as the recovery time increased, HR tended to decrease, but there was no significant difference between the different exercises at the same recovery stage. The changes were similar for RMSSD, SDNN, SDNN/HR, HF and LF, which were lower than those at rest. However, HF and LF significantly increased during 15-20min of the recovery time, and as the recovery time increased, LF/HF tended to increase significantly. Conclusion: The changes of HRV are nearly the same at the early recovery stage (0-20min) after high intensity anaerobic interval exercise, aerobic endurance exercise and combined exercise. This suggests that the regulation of cardiac autonomic function does not depend on exercise types after endurance exercise. Besides, the combined exercise order of high intensity anaerobic interval exercise and aerobic endurance exercise does not affect the regulation of cardiac autonomic function at the recovery stage. Within 20min in the recovery period, sympathetic activities remain higher.
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