体育运动中心理坚韧性热点研究及其演化趋势分析
Research on the Hot Spot of Sport Mental Toughness and the Analysis of Its Evolution Trend
投稿时间:2018-01-10  
DOI:
中文关键词:体育运动  心理坚韧性  研究热点  演化趋势  知识图谱
英文关键词:sports  mental toughness  research hot spot  evolution trend  knowledge map
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
马钰璇 华中师范大学 体育学院 myx0509@126.com 
郭思岑 Central China Normal University  
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中文摘要:
      以Web Of ScienceTM核心合集数据库(SCIE、SSCI、A&HCI和ESCI)中收录的2005-2017年以体育运动中心理坚韧性为主题的205篇文献为数据来源,利用CiteSpaceV为工具进行可视化分析与处理。梳理体育运动中心理坚韧性研究的学科耦合、国家和作者分布,并通过分析该领域研究的关键词,揭示其研究热点共线及演进趋势,并以知识图谱的方式呈现研究结果。结果表明,体育运动中心理坚韧性研究形成以心理学和体育学为主导,教育学、社会学、运动医学、神经科学等多学科相互耦合的复合性学科群。英国的发文量最大,南非作为后起之秀,近几年在该领域的研究成果丰硕。来自各高等院校的Gucciardi、Crust、Cowden 、Crost等教授是体育运动中心理坚韧性研究的突出作者。研究热点主要包括量表编制、问卷检验、压力应对、人格等。研究演化趋势以运动员竞技表现为主线,由运动员相关人格特征与过去经验分析过渡到测量工具有效性的检验与修订。近年来,探究心理坚韧性与运动损伤的关系、心理坚韧性在运动选材中的应用也成为研究热门领域。
英文摘要:
      205 articles on sport mental toughness from the Web of ScienceTM (SCIE、SSCI、A&HCI and ESCI) during the years of 2005-2017 are used as the data source, which is visually analyzed with CiteSpace V. The paper intends to clarify the disciplinary coupling of the researches on sport mental toughness and the distribution of the corresponding nations and authors. And through the analysis of the keywords of the study, it tries to find out the research hotspot collineation and evolution trend and present the research result with a knowledge map. The result shows that psychology and sports science enjoy priority in the research of sport mental toughness, and it is a compound academic group including pedagogy, sociology, sports medicine and neuroscience. Most of the literature in this field has been published in Britain, and great progress has been made in South Africa. The professors Gucciardi, Crust, Cowden and Crost from the different universities are the linchpin authors in this field. The popular research hot spots mainly include scaling, questionnaire, pressure handling, personality, etc. The study on the evolution trend is mainly based on the athletes' performance, from the relative characteristics of personality and the analysis of the past experience to the test and modification of the effectiveness of the measuring tools. During the recent years, exploring the relations between mental toughness and sports injury and the application of mental toughness to talent selection have also become the hot research topics.
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