儿童有氧运动能力可训练性及相关问题
Children’s Aerobic Trainability and Related Questions
投稿时间:2017-11-03  
DOI:
中文关键词:激活能力不足  差别性活化  功能运动单元池  肌肉成分  VO2动力学
英文关键词:Activation deficit  differential activation  functional motor-unit pool  muscle composition  VO2 kinetics
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
Raffy Dotan(加拿大) 布鲁克大学 rdotan@brocku.ca 
朱为模 审校 美国伊利诺伊大学 weimozhu@uiuc.edu 
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中文摘要:
      针对Armstrong最近关于“与青少年有氧能力相关的10个问题”的专题评论,再次对其提出的一些观点进行回顾,特别是儿童——成年人之间可训练差异性是否存在的问题。讨论了许多现有的可得出可训练性结论的儿童VO2max数据的有效性,为什么可训练性差异可能是一个事实而不是疑问,为解释这一现象所提供的一种合理的新方法,以及这种解释可以如何承担和回答其他几个提出的问题。本评论旨在激励并鼓励新的想法并提出建议,把注意力放在儿童的有氧可训练性上,还要更多地关注儿童运动生理学和表现以及他们与成年人的不同之处。
英文摘要:
      In response to Armstrong’s recent Special Topics review of “Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness,” this commentary revisits some of the points raised, particularly in relation to the question of whether a child-adult trainability difference does indeed exist. Discussed are the validity of much of the existing pediatric maximal oxygen consumption data upon which trainability conclusions are drawn, why differential trainability is likely a fact rather than a doubt, a reasoned novel approach to explaining the phenomenon, and how that explanation can bear upon and answer several of the other raised questions. The commentary is intended to inspire and encourage fresh thinking not only in relation to pediatric aerobic trainability, but more generally, regarding pediatric exercise physiology and performance and how they differ from those of adults.
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