对《与青少年有氧能力相关的10个问题》一文评论的回应
Response to Commentary on the Special Topic: Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness
投稿时间:2017-11-03  
DOI:
中文关键词:青少年  有氧能力  最大摄氧量  成熟阈值
英文关键词:youth  aerobic fitness  maximum oxygen uptake  mature threshold
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
Neil Armstrong(英) 埃克隆大学儿童健康与运动研究中心 N.Armstrong@exeter.ac.uk 
朱为模 审校 美国伊利诺伊大学 weimozhu@uiuc.edu 
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中文摘要:
      针对Dotan对《与青少年有氧能力相关的10个问题》的点评和后续讨论而得的《儿童有氧运动能力可训练性及相关问题》一文进行反馈,对Dotan提出的“现有的最大耗氧量数据的有效性”“儿童有限的有氧运动可训练性——是事实还是虚构?”“缺乏长期、纵向训练研究”“没有对儿童成年人的训练进行直接比较”“对儿童们声称的可训练性较低的合理解释”“训练质量”“其他可能的影响”“缺乏VO2稳定期”“肺部VO2动力学(pVO2)”“未来研究”几方面问题进行逐一解答,以强调《与青少年有氧能力相关的10个问题》(下简称《10个问题》)一文的讨论重点为青少年有氧适能的发展,而非儿童—成人差异。以成年人为研究对象的部分相关文献并未收录入《10个问题》中,因此Dotan的许多评论对于《10个问题》一文属于次要意见,需要在此特定背景下加以考虑。
英文摘要:
      In response to Dotan’s commentary on the special topic Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness and the article Children’s Aerobic Trainability and Related Questions after the following-up discussion, the paper answers Dotan’s questions such as Validity of existing VO2max data, Children’s limited aerobic trainability—Fact orfiction?, Lack of long-term, longitudinal training studies, No direct child-adult training comparisons, A plausible explanation for children’s claimed lower trainability, Quality of training, Other likely implications, Absence of VO2 plateau, Pulmonary VO2 kinetics (pVO2), future researches, etc. It stresses that the key of the discussion on the Special Topic: 10 Top Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness is the development of youth aerobic fitness, and not the difference between children and adults. Part of the related research literature, whose subjects are adults, is not included in the Special Topic. Therefore, Dotan’s comments on the Special Top are minor ones, which can be taken into consideration under the specific circumstances.
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