历史学视野下日本剑道技术变迁之研究
Research on the Changes of Japanese Kendo Techniques from the Historical Perspective
投稿时间:2018-07-26  
DOI:
中文关键词:日本  剑术  剑道技术  技术变迁
英文关键词:Japan  swordsmanship  kendo techniques  technological changes
基金项目:江苏高校哲学社会科学研究基金项目(2017SJB1345)
作者单位E-mail
杨敢峰 苏州大学 体育学院 401221617@qq.com 
周春晖 苏州大学 体育学院 2901384527@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      剑道作为日本的民族传统体育项目,随着社会的发展,时代的变迁,逐渐发展成当今社会的剑道体系。运用文献资料法等研究方法,从战争中日本剑道的发展入手,对剑道技术的变迁进行研究,对剑道的发展进行剖析,为中国对抗性器械项目的发展提供借鉴。研究表明:历史和战争作用下的日本剑道技术变迁的过程,首先是由源于战争、用于战争的杀伐技术为主的剑术发展到崇尚身心锻炼的体育化的剑道,为战争服务,以斩击、斩刺技术为主的异化剑道,在战争失败后重新回归体育范畴,以教育之剑道、体育之剑道流传至今。日本剑道在发展过程中始终以实战技击作为基础,为中国器械对抗项目的发展提供了借鉴。
英文摘要:
      With the development of society and the changes of the times, as a national and traditional sport in Japan, Kendo has gradually developed into a sport system that fits into today's society. Through literature review method, this paper firstly studies the development of Japanese kendo in the war, and then the changes of kendo techniques. It also analyzes the development of kendo and to draws lessons from it for China's equipment combat sports. The research shows that during the transformation process of kendo techniques under the influence of historical warfare, kendo that centered around killing techniques originating from and used in wars was transformed into a kind of martial art that advocates physical and mental exercise; alienated kendo techniques such as stabbing, slashing, and slaying returned to the sports category after the failure of war, and have been passed down to now for educational and sporting purposes. In the course of development, Japanese Kendo has always been based on actual combat techniques, offering a reference for the development of China's equipment combat sports.
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