放心满意证明标准在非检测阳性兴奋剂违规案件中的适用性探讨
Discussion on the applicability of the comfortable satisfaction in non-testing positive stimulant violation cases
投稿时间:2018-08-07  
DOI:
中文关键词:非检测阳性案件  间接证据  放心满意标准  证据排除规则  国际体育仲裁院
英文关键词:non-testing positive cases  indirect evidence  comfortable satisfaction  evidence exclusion rules  Court of Arbitration for Sport
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BTY008)
作者单位E-mail
姬学云 湘潭大学 法学院 xueyun26@foxmail.com 
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中文摘要:
      国际体育仲裁院(CAS)仲裁庭认定澳大利亚埃森登足球俱乐部34名运动员构成兴奋剂违规且对违规行为有重大过错,推翻了澳大利亚足球联盟(AFL)的决定,并对违规运动员均处以2年的禁赛期。区别于样本检测阳性的案件,CAS仲裁庭认定在非检测阳性案件中运用的证明标准是“放心满意标准”(Comfortable Satisfaction),认为世界反兴奋剂机构(WADA)可以通过运动员的承认、证人证言、书面证据等任何可靠的方式对兴奋剂违规事实加以证明。CAS仲裁庭在上诉审理中对证据审查适用的是全面审查原则,上诉程序中可以提交新证据的条件是申请方不存在对诉讼权利的滥用和主观恶意。研究认为:在非检测阳性案件中,有必要加强间接证据的独立定案功能,对放心满意标准确立统一的认定规则,并且完善证据排除规则的相关规定。
英文摘要:
      The arbitral tribunal of Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) firmly believed that 34 athletes from Essendon Football Club in Australia made stimulant violations and committed grave faults in the violations. CAS arbitral tribunal overturned the decision of the Australian Football League (AFL) and imposed a two-year suspension on them. Different from the cases of positive sample detection, CAS arbitral tribunal determines that the proof standard used in non-testing positive cases is "comfortable satisfaction standard", and that World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) can prove doping violations through any reliable way such as an athlete's acknowledgment, witnesses' testimony, documentary evidence, etc. CAS arbitral tribunal applies the comprehensive review principle in appeal hearings. The precondition that a new evidence can be submitted in the appeal procedure is that the applicant does not abuse any litigation rights and does not have subjective malice. The study believes that in non-testing positive cases, it is necessary to strengthen the independent function of reaching a conclusion on a case with indirect evidence, establish a unified identification rule for comfortable satisfaction standard, and improve the relevant provisions of evidence exclusion rules.
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