加压运动原理及运用的研究进展
Research progress on Mechanism and application of KAATSU Training
投稿时间:2018-09-12  
DOI:
中文关键词:加压运动  血流限制  肌肉力量  生理机制
英文关键词:KAATSU Training  Blood Flow Restriction  Muscle strength  Physiological mechanism
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
盛菁菁 苏州大学体育学院 18896589736@163.com 
魏文哲 苏州大学体育学院 wei-0228@163.com 
沈勇伟 北京市体育科学研究所  
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中文摘要:
      加压运动法是限制静脉血流量,造成肢体远端出现静脉池效应,诱发肌细胞体积增大,以较小的运动强度促进蛋白质合成、刺激肌肉生长和提高肌肉适能的一种新方法,由于其训练方式的安全性及效果的优越性,已经成为国际上人们追捧的训练方法。加压运动是在肢体近端用加压带捆绑,加压后进行低强度、短时间运动,达到增加肌肉力量,改善肌肉功能的目的。这种新方法不仅应用于提高运动员竞赛成绩、预防老年人及术后患者肌肉萎缩、对抗宇航员在轨时失重生理效应导致的骨骼、肌肉等多方面的退行性变化,也为骨性疾病、心脑血管、肥胖、糖尿病和神经肌肉疾病患者提供新的康复治疗手段。本文从加压运动的方法、应用及原理机制,进一步完善加压运动的效果机制,为其推广做好科学基础及理论指导。
英文摘要:
      KAATSU Training is a new method involving compressing venous to reduce blood flow, resulting in the distal limb vein pool effect and inducing increasing in size of muscle cells, which leads to promoting protein synthesis, stimulating muscle growth and improving muscle fitness even when excise at relatively lower intensities. Due to its safety and superior effect, KAATSU Training has become internationally popular . KAATSU Training uses compressive belts on the proximal end of the limb. The training is at low-intensity and wit short-term exercises to increase muscle strength and improve muscle function. This new method is not only applied in improving the athletes' competition performance, preventing in the elderly and postoperative patients with muscle atrophy, and resisting the degenerative changes of bones and muscles caused by the physiological effects of astronauts' weight loss in orbit, it is also applied for patients with bony disease, cardiovascular conditions, obesity, diabetes, and neuromuscular disease, providing a new rehabilitation treatments. By reviewing practical applications and methods, principle and mechanism of KAATSU Training, the paper furtherly discussed the mechanism of compressive training, and provides scientific basis and theoretical guidance for its promotion.
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