非部落时代的部落团体——现代部族意义统摄下的足球观众群落
The Tribal Group in the Non-tribal Age: The Football Spectator Community in the Modern Tribal Sense
投稿时间:2018-12-24  
DOI:
中文关键词:足球观众  原始信仰  观看聚众  群落再造  史前思维
英文关键词:football spectator  primitive belief  audience gathering  community reconstruction  prehistoric thinking
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
路云亭 上海体育学院 体育新闻传播与外语学院 luyunting666@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      球员、教练、裁判、管理者与球迷是现代足球的五要素,其中球迷的作用至关重要。球迷与戏迷不同,球迷可以深入地影响球员的斗志,还可以间接地主导赛事进程乃至最后的比分。足球有很强的聚会功能。足球如果脱离了大批量观众,就会变成一种隐私性的个人身体修炼技巧,从而导致其异化。足球恰是通过球迷才实现了从个人隐私到大众聚会的功能转换。足球已然成为一种现代神话,而完成此现代神话构建过程的同样是球迷群体。球迷已经成为一种脱离了世俗干扰的群落,他们就像城市里的新型部落人员一样,构建出一种精神性的世外桃源。
英文摘要:
      Players, coaches, referees, managers and fans are the five elements of modern football, among which the fans play a crucial role. Unlike theatre fans, the football fans can produce a strong effect on the players' morale and thus influence the course of the game, and even the final score indirectly. The football is imposed with a profound gathering function.If football is separated from the mass audience, it will become a private personal physical exercise skill, which will lead to its variation. With fans, football transforms its function from personal privacy to public gathering. Football has become a modern myth which is created by the fans. The football fans, like the new tribesmen in the city, have formed a community free from secular interference, and constructed a spiritual arcadia.
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