视力康复背景下体育锻炼与儿童动态视力关系研究及启示
Research on and Enlightenment of the Relationship Between Physical Exercise and Children's Dynamic Vision under the Background of Vision Rehabilitation
投稿时间:2018-10-12  
DOI:
中文关键词:视力康复  儿童  体育锻炼  动态视力
英文关键词:vision rehabilitation  children  physical exercise  dynamic vision
基金项目:江苏教育科学“十三五”规划课题(D/2018/01/51);江苏高校哲学社会科学研究基金项目(2018SJA1319);江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目
作者单位E-mail
潘景玲 苏州大学 体育学院 1356264486@qq.com 
蔡赓 苏州大学 体育学院  
殷荣宾 苏州大学 体育学院  
孙雷 苏州大学 体育学院  
王国祥 苏州大学 体育学院 yinrongbin01@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨动态视力在不同类型体育项目间的发展特征,为体育锻炼改善视力的应用研究提供依据。方法:选取6~10岁无专门体育训练经历的在校学生和参加足球、乒乓球、跆拳道、空手道、游泳、体操等项目的俱乐部或体校学生,共603名。使用动态视力检测仪和标准对数视力灯箱测量动态视力和静态视力。计算动静比(动态视力/静态视力),并将其作为衡量动态视力发展水平的指标。结果:6~7岁是动态视力发展的敏感期(P<0.05),8岁、10岁男性儿童的动静比高于女性儿童,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。校外体育练习组的动静比高于普通在校学生组(P<0.05),开放性运动项目的动静比高于闭锁性运动项目(P<0.05)。结论:参加体育锻炼对动态视力的发展有积极的影响,且不同运动项目的影响效果不同。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the developmental characteristics of dynamic vision in different types of sports and to provide basis for the application of physical exercise to improve vision.Methods: A total of 603 students aged 6~10 years old were selected, who had no special sports training experience, and who participated in football, table tennis, taekwondo, karate, swimming, gymnastics and other sports. Dynamic vision and static vision were measured by using dynamic vision detector and standard logarithmic vision light box. The rotor-stator ratio was calculated for dynamic vision/static vision and used as an index to measure the development of dynamic vision.Results: 6~7 years old was the sensitive period of dynamic visual development (P<0.05), and the rotor-stator ratio of 8 and 10-year-old male children was higher than that of female children, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The rotor-stator ratio of the off-campus sports practice group was higher than that of the ordinary students (P<0.05), and the rotor-stator ratio of the open sports was higher than that of the closed sports (P<0.05).Conclusion: Participation in physical exercise has a positive effect on the development of dynamic vision, and the effects of different sports are different.
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