上海市公共体育设施建设效应评价研究
Study on Evaluation of the Construction Effect of Public Sports Facilities in Shanghai
投稿时间:2018-10-31  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20190203
中文关键词:公共体育设施  建设效应  主观评价  制约因素  优化路径  上海市
英文关键词:public sports facilities  construction effect  subjective evaluation  constraints  optimize path  Shanghai
基金项目:2018年度上海市体育社会科学研究课题(TYSKYJ201835)
作者单位E-mail
李陈 上海工程技术大学 社会科学学院上海 201620 sqc-lichen@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      上海市公共体育设施建设的主要矛盾是市民日益增长的多元化体育需求和公共体育设施建设不平衡、不充分发展之间的矛盾。作为迈向卓越的全球城市,上海正为向市民提供多元化需求的公共体育设施而努力。本文根据“30分钟体育生活圈”的要求,对上海市公共体育设施建设效应进行研判,得出:(1)上海市公共体育设施布局呈现等级性,空间上呈现“中心-外围”特征,形成了“市-区-街道”三级空间尺度的公共体育设施空间布局。(2)上海市公共体育设施空间布局与人口密度分布呈正相关关系。健身点密度、市民球场、市民健身房、市民健身步道与人口密度分布呈现较强的正相关关系;农民健身工程与人口密度分布呈现较强的负相关关系。(3)上海市公共体育设施密度区域差异显著。公共体育设施建设正处于数量增加向质量提升的过渡阶段,正建设与卓越的全球城市和社会主义国际化大都市相匹配的公共体育设施与配套服务。(4)上海市公共体育设施建设总体评价较好,但存在难以满足多元化需求等问题。调查显示,居民对上海市公共体育设施建设的总体评价较好,满意度评价较高,但未满足个性化、多元化需求,在软件环境建设上仍有很大提升空间。
英文摘要:
      The main contradiction in the construction of public sports facilities in Shanghai is the contradiction between the increasing diversified sports needs of the citizens and the unbalanced and insufficient development of the construction of public sports facilities. As a global city, Shanghai is striving to provide public sports facilities with diversified needs for its citizens. According to the requirements of "30-minute Sports Life Circle", this paper assesses the construction effect of public sports facilities in Shanghai from the overall point of view. The findings are as follows: (1)The layout of public sports facilities in Shanghai is hierarchical, and characteristic of "center-periphery" in space. The spatial layout of public sports facilities has formed three levels of city-district-street.(2)The spatial distribution of public sports facilities in Shanghai is positively correlated with the distribution of population density. The density of fitness spots, public stadiums, public gymnasiums and public fitness walk are positively correlated with the distribution of population density, while the farmer fitness projects are negatively correlated with the distribution of population density.(3)There are significant regional differences in the density of public sports facilities in Shanghai. The construction of public sports facilities is in the transitional stage from quantity increase to quality improvement, and public sports facilities and supporting services matching the excellent global city and socialist international metropolis are being built.(4)The general evaluation of the construction of public sports facilities in Shanghai is good, but there are some constraints such as difficulties to meet the diversified needs. The survey shows that the overall evaluation of the construction of public sports facilities in Shanghai is good and satisfactory, but there exists a lack of personalized and diversified needs, thus there is still room for improvement in software environment construction.
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