运动员精准选材与“表遗选育”跨尺度关联性研究
A Study on Cross-scale Correlation between Precise Selection of Athletes and "Phenotype or Genotype Selection and Training of Athletes"
投稿时间:2018-08-10  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20190208
中文关键词:人类表型  基因型  选材育才  精准选材
英文关键词:human phenotype  genotype  athlete selection and training  precise selection of athletes
基金项目:上海市科委基础研究重点项目(16JC1400500)
作者单位E-mail
沈勋章 上海体育科学研究所上海200030 shenxunz@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      创新驱动是国家科技发展战略规划纲要。我国运动员科学选材要走人类表型、运动型和基因型跨尺度关联性研究之路,走运动员选材与青少年育才相结合之路,其创新研究结点就是精准选材。“表遗选育”跨尺度关联性研究正是创新我国精准选材崭新的技术平台。在运动项目特征框架下,深化表型组学研究与结合基因测序才能找到精准选材的关联性突破。文章就运动员科学选材如何突破瓶颈,搭乘人类表型组计划的东风,顺势而为、锐意进取,实现体育人才精准选育进行了探索。
英文摘要:
      Innovation-driven is the guideline of national strategic plan for scientific and technological development. The scientific selection of athletes in China must be based on cross-scale research in correlation of human phenotype, sport type and genotypes, and follow the path of combining selection with training of athletes, the innovation of which is characteristic of precise athlete selection. The study on cross-scale correlation between human phenotype and genotypes is a brand new technical platform for precise athlete selection in China. According to characteristics of sports items, the breakthrough of precise sport athlete selection can only be made by deepening the study on phenomics and combining with gene sequencing. This paper discusses how to get rid of the bottleneck effect for scientific selection of sport talents, and how to follow the trend of human phenomics, so as to explore the innovative technology in sport talent selection.
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