游泳运动员手、足面积表型与运动等级的相关性研究
A Study on Correlation between Athletic Level and Phenotypes of Hand and Foot Area of Swimming Athletes
投稿时间:2018-08-13  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20190209
中文关键词:游泳  手长  手宽  足长  足宽  运动等级
英文关键词:swimming  hand length  hand width  foot length  foot width  athletic level
基金项目:上海市科委基础研究重点项目(16JC1400500)
作者单位E-mail
景晨 上海体育科学研究所上海 200030 jane_201005@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      探讨手足相关派生指数与运动等级的相关度,为游泳运动员选材形态指标的精选提供理论依据。方法:对334名上海区级游泳学校、上海高校、上海市队、浙江省队游泳运动员手足表型进行测量统计并计算相应派生指数,对不同等级运动员手足面积表型与运动等级进行相关性分析。结果:男子游泳运动员手足面积表型与运动等级均无直线相关关系(相关系数小于0.3),女子足部派生指标与运动等级亦均无直线相关关系,仅手部面积Ⅰ表型与运动等级存在极显著性低度直线相关(P<0.01)。结论:手面积Ⅰ表型可入选女子游泳运动员二类选材指标。女子游泳运动员足面积表型和男子游泳员手足面积表型均不具备选材评价指标依据。
英文摘要:
      The study aims to provide a theoretical basis for the identification of anthropometric factors in swimming athletes by exploring the correlation between athletic level and derivative index of hand and foot. Methods: Measure hand and foot phenotypes of 334 swimming athletes, calculate the corresponding derivative index, and then analyze the correlation between athletic level and phenotypes of hand and foot area of athletes at different athletic levels. These swimmers come from swimming schools of different districts and universities in Shanghai, and the swimming team of Hangzhou Province and Shanghai. Results: There was no linear correlation between athletic level and the phenotype of hand and foot area for male swimmers (the correlation coefficient was less than 0.3), neither was phenotype of foot area for female swimmers. But the females' phenotype of hand area I and athletic level do exist the extremely significant low linear correlation (P<0.01). Conclusion: The phenotype of hand area I can be used as the second category of index to select female swimmers. The phenotypes of foot area for female swimmers and hand and foot area for male swimmers do not yet have the basis for talent identification index.
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