运用游泳水槽进行水感表型强化训练的实验研究
Experimental study on strengthening training of water sensitivity by Using Swimming Flume
投稿时间:2018-08-18  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20190210
中文关键词:水感表型  水槽  训练效果
英文关键词:sense of water  flume  training effect
基金项目:上海市科委基础研究重点项目(16JC1400500)
作者单位E-mail
宋闪 1.上海体育科学研究所 上海200030 songshan19861030@163.com 
尹万利 2.上海体育职业学院上海200237  
王嘉镌 2.上海体育职业学院上海200237  
周一冰 2.上海体育职业学院上海200237  
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中文摘要:
      目的:为游泳运动员在水槽中进行水感表型强化训练提供参考和建议。方法:将上海市14名一级男性游泳运动员随机分为两组,A组为实验组,B组为对照组。A组每周安排3次水槽中的水感训练课,B组采用常规的泳池训练,保证两组的训练量一致,实验周期为20周。运用上海市游泳水槽系统的三线运动分析系统对运动员训练前后的技术动作进行分析与诊断,运用Tritonwear游泳运动表现分析系统对运动员训练前后50m自由泳成绩和游效指数进行分析。结果:A组与B组运动员经过一段时间的训练后,50 m自由泳成绩和游效指数都较实验前有了一定的提高;而且A组的50 m自由泳成绩和游效指数相比较B组都得到了明显的提高,实验后A组和B组队员的50 m自由泳成绩和游效指数存在显著性差异。结论:通过水槽中水感表型的多种训练方法,运动员的技术动作得到了改进,划水效果得到了提高,运动成绩也得到了提高。对水感的定量研究是我们未来的研究方向,后期还需要更加深入的研究。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To provide references and suggestions for swimmers in intensive training of water sense phenotype in flume. Methods: Fourteen first-class male swimmers in Shanghai were randomly divided into two groups, group A was the experimental group and group B was the control group. Group A is arranged three water sense training courses in the flume every week. Group B adopts routine swimming pool training to ensure the same amount of training between the two groups. The experimental period is 20 weeks. The three-line motion analysis system of Shanghai swimming flume was used to analyze and diagnose the technical movements of athletes before and after training. The performance analysis system of Tritonwear swimming was used to analyze 50 m freestyle performance and swimming efficiency index of athletes before and after training. Result: After a period of training, the performance and swimming efficiency index of 50 m Freestyle in group A and group B were improved to a certain extent, and the performance and swimming efficiency index of 50 m Freestyle in group A were improved significantly compared with those in group B. There were significant differences between the performance and swimming efficiency index of 50 m Freestyle in group A and group B after the experiment. Conclusion: Through various training methods of water sense phenotype in flume, the athletes' technical movements have been improved, the effect of stroke has been improved, and the sports performance has also been improved. Quantitative research on water sensitivity is our future research direction, and more in-depth research should be strengthened in the later stage.
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