上海市小学生余暇体育行为的影响因素研究——基于休闲限制理论视角
A Study on the Influencing Factors of Shanghai Pupils' Leisure Sports Behavior: A Perspective of Leisure Constraint Theory
投稿时间:2019-04-04  
DOI:
中文关键词:上海  小学生  余暇体育行为  休闲限制  影响因素
英文关键词:Shanghai  pupils  leisure sports behavior  leisure constraint  influencing factor
基金项目:全国教育科学“十二五”规划课题(DLA130347)
作者单位E-mail
王改芳 上海师范大学 体育学院 wanggf@shnu.edu.cn 
沈建华 School of Physical Education, Shanghai Normal University jianhuan@shnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      运用文献资料法、问卷调查法和访谈法,从休闲限制理论的视角,对上海市小学生余暇体育行为的影响因素进行研究。结果表明:自身限制、人际限制和结构限制共同影响上海市小学生的余暇体育行为,自身限制主要体现在小学生自身健康状况差、余暇兴趣内容静态化、自身掌握的余暇体育知识与练习方法缺失;同龄玩伴、家长和教师构成小学生余暇体育行为的人际限制因素;余暇体育的时间限制、体育场地器材缺乏和余暇体育氛围不足是结构限制因素。针对这些限制因素提出构建学生余暇体育行为养成体系、多途径增强家长体育意识、完善公共体育服务体系等建议。
英文摘要:
      From the perspective of leisure constraint theory, the author analyzes the influencing factors of leisure sports behaviors of pupils in Shanghai by means of literature review, questionnaire and interview. The results show that intrapersonal, interpersonal and structural constraints all affect the leisure sports behavior of pupils in Shanghai. The intrapersonal constraints of pupils are mainly reflected on their poor health, inactive spare-time interests, and lack of spare time sports knowledge and practice methods. Peer playmates, parents and teachers constitute the interpersonal constraints. Time limit of leisure sports, lack of sports facilities and leisure sports passion are structural constraints. In view of these constraints, the paper puts forward some suggestions, such as constructing pupils' leisure sports behavior cultivation system, enhancing parents' sports awareness through multiple ways, and improving the public sports service system.
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